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Author (up) Armour, C.; Elklit, A.; Lauterbach, D.; Elhai, J.D. url  doi
  Title The DSM-5 dissociative-PTSD subtype: can levels of depression, anxiety, hostility, and sleeping difficulties differentiate between dissociative-PTSD and PTSD in rape and sexual assault victims? Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Journal of Anxiety Disorders Abbreviated Journal J Anxiety Disord  
  Volume 28 Issue 4 Pages 418-426  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Anger; Anxiety/psychology; Crime Victims/*psychology/statistics & numerical data; Denmark; Depression/psychology; Diagnosis, Differential; *Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; Dissociative Disorders/*diagnosis/psychology; Female; Hostility; Humans; Rape/*psychology; Reproducibility of Results; Severity of Illness Index; Sex Offenses/*psychology; Sleep Wake Disorders/psychology; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*diagnosis/psychology; Young Adult; Dissociation; Dissociative PTSD; Lpa; Latent Profile Analysis; Ptsd; Rape  
  Abstract The DSM-5 currently includes a dissociative-PTSD subtype within its nomenclature. Several studies have confirmed the dissociative-PTSD subtype in both American Veteran and American civilian samples. Studies have begun to assess specific factors which differentiate between dissociative vs. non-dissociative PTSD. The current study takes a novel approach to investigating the presence of a dissociative-PTSD subtype in its use of European victims of sexual assault and rape (N=351). Utilizing Latent Profile Analyses, we hypothesized that a discrete group of individuals would represent a dissociative-PTSD subtype. We additionally hypothesized that levels of depression, anger, hostility, and sleeping difficulties would differentiate dissociative-PTSD from a similarly severe form of PTSD in the absence of dissociation. Results concluded that there were four discrete groups termed baseline, moderate PTSD, high PTSD, and dissociative-PTSD. The dissociative-PTSD group encompassed 13.1% of the sample and evidenced significantly higher mean scores on measures of depression, anxiety, hostility, and sleeping difficulties. Implications are discussed in relation to both treatment planning and the newly published DSM-5.  
  Address Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA. Electronic address:  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0887-6185 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:24568742 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42209  
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