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Author (up) Émond, K.; Sainte-Marie, B.; Galbraith, P.S.; Bêty, J. url  openurl
  Title Top-down vs. bottom-up drivers of recruitment in a key marine invertebrate: Investigating early life stages of snow crab Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal ICES Journal of Marine Science  
  Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 1336-1348  
  Keywords cannibalism; climate; groundfish predation; larval production; population dynamics; recruitment; snow crab  
  Abstract Many snow crab fisheries have fluctuated widely over time in a quasi-cyclic way due to highly variable recruitment. The causes of this variability are still debated. Bottom-up processes related to climate variability may strongly affect growth and survival during early life, whereas top-down predator effects may be a major source of juvenile mortality. Moreover, intrinsic density-dependent processes, which have received much less attention, are hypothetically responsible for the cycles in recruitment. This study explored how climate, larval production, intercohort cannibalism and groundfish predation may have affected recruitment of early juvenile snow crab in the northwest Gulf of St Lawrence (eastern Canada) over a period of 23 years. Abundance of early juvenile snow crabs (2.5-22.9 mm in carapace width), representing the first 3 years of benthic life, came from an annual trawl survey and was used to determine cohort strength. Analyses revealed a cyclic pattern in abundance of 0+ crabs that may arise from cohort resonant effects. This pattern consisted of three recruitment pulses but was reduced to two pulses by age 2+, while the interannual variability of cohort strength was dampened. This reconfiguration of the earliest recruitment pattern was dictated primarily by bottom water temperature and cannibalism, which progressively overruled the pre-settlement factors of larval production and surface water temperature that best explained abundance of 0+ crabs. The results strongly suggest that bottom-up and density-dependent processes prevail over top-down control in setting the long-term trends and higher-frequency oscillations of snow crab early recruitment patterns. © 2015 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 2015. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.  
  Address Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Maurice Lamontagne Institute, 850 Route de la Mer, Mont-Joli, QC, Canada  
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  Notes Export Date: 17 March 2016 Approved no  
  Call Number McgGll @ elizabethburgess @ Serial 42532  
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Author (up) Bae, H.; Kim, D.; Park, Y.C. url  doi
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  Title Dissociation predicts treatment response in eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing for posttraumatic stress disorder Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Trauma & Dissociation : the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD) Abbreviated Journal J Trauma Dissociation  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-19  
  Keywords Posttraumatic stress disorder; comorbidity; dissociation; eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing; treatment response  
  Abstract Using clinical data from a specialized trauma clinic, this study investigated pretreatment clinical factors predicting response to eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) among adult patients diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were evaluated using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS), the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Dissociative Experiences Scale before treatment and were reassessed using the CAPS after treatment and at 6-month follow-up. A total of 69 patients underwent an average of 4 sessions of EMDR, and 60 (87%) completed the posttreatment evaluation, including 8 participants who terminated treatment prematurely. Intent-to-treat analysis revealed that 39 (65%) of the 60 patients were classified as responders and 21 (35%) as nonresponders when response was defined as more than a 30% decrease in total CAPS score. The nonresponders had higher levels of dissociation (depersonalization and derealization) and numbing symptoms, but other PTSD symptoms, such as avoidance, hyperarousal, and intrusion, were not significantly different. The number of psychiatric comorbidities was also associated with treatment nonresponse. The final logistic regression model yielded 2 significant variables: dissociation (p < .001) and more than 2 comorbidities compared to none (p < .05). These results indicate that complex symptom patterns in PTSD may predict treatment response and support the inclusion of the dissociative subtype of PTSD in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition.  
  Address b Department of Psychiatry , Hanyang University Medical School , Seoul , South Korea  
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  ISSN 1529-9732 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes PMID:26156867 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42179  
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Author (up) Barley, A.J.; Datta-Roy, A.; Karanth, K.P.; Brown, R.M. doi  openurl
  Title Sun skink diversification across the Indian–Southeast Asian biogeographical interface Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal J. Biogeogr.  
  Volume 42 Issue 2 Pages 292-304  
  Keywords Biogeographical range evolution; divergence time; Eutropis; India; Philippines; phylogenetics; Sundaland  
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  ISSN 1365-2699 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42981  
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Author (up) Behrens, J.; Patzelt, H. doi  openurl
  Title Corporate Entrepreneurship Managers' Project Terminations: Integrating Portfolio-Level, Individual-Level, and Firm-Level Effects Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume Issue Pages n/a-n/a  
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  Abstract Corporate entrepreneurship managers often need to terminate projects to maximize their innovation portfolios' commercial prospects. Drawing on the attention-based view of the firm, we develop a model for how past project failure experience, the firm's growth rate, and their hierarchical level impact managers' attention to a project's fit with the corporate portfolio strategy and the balance of the portfolio when terminating projects. Using data from a conjoint study with 6,944 assessments of project terminations made by 217 managers, we provide insights into corporate entrepreneurship decision making and how portfolio-level, individual-level, and firm-level aspects interact in explaining project termination.  
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  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41602  
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Author (up) Bennett, D.C.; Modrowski, C.A.; Kerig, P.K.; Chaplo, S.D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Investigating the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder in a sample of traumatized detained youth Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy Abbreviated Journal Psychol Trauma  
  Volume 7 Issue 5 Pages 465-472  
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  Abstract In this study, we tested the validity of a dissociative subtype in a sample of 225 detained adolescents (142 boys, 83 girls) likely meeting full or partial criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Competing theories of dissociation pose controversy regarding dissociation as a taxon versus a continuum, and results of the current study contribute to this debate by providing evidence of distinct group differences between those high and low in dissociation. Mixture modeling revealed 2 groups of youth with differing levels of depersonalization/derealization dissociative symptoms. Differences between the 2 groups of youth were investigated regarding trauma exposure and several posttraumatic reactions: posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), emotion dysregulation, and emotional numbing. Compared with youth classified in the low-dissociation group, youth who exhibited high levels of dissociation demonstrated higher levels of total PTSS, posttraumatic symptom clusters of emotional numbing, intrusion, and associated features, as well as reporting more difficulties with emotion dysregulation. To test theory regarding the factors that increase the likelihood of persistent dissociation, bootstrapped regression analyses were performed to examine the possibility of an indirect effect of peritraumatic dissociation. Results consistent with statistical mediation suggested that the presence of peritraumatic dissociation at the time of trauma may contribute to the continuation of dissociative symptoms as a more generalized pattern. The results of the current study have implications for clinical treatment with traumatized youth.  
  Address Department of Psychology, University of Utah  
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  ISSN 1942-969X ISBN Medium  
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  Notes PMID:26010107 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42182  
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Author (up) Bhaduri, A.; Raghavendra, S.; Guttal, V. doi  openurl
  Title On the Systemic Fragility of Finance-Led Growth Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Metroeconomica  
  Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 158-186  
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  ISSN 1467-999x ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 43139  
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Author (up) Bhowmick, A.; Head-Gordon, T. doi  openurl
  Title A Monte Carlo Method for Generating Side Chain Structural Ensembles Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Structure  
  Volume 23 Issue 1 Pages 44-55  
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  Abstract We report a Monte Carlo side chain entropy (MC-SCE) method that uses a physical energy function inclusive of long-range electrostatics and hydrophobic potential of mean force, coupled with both backbone variations and a backbone dependent side chain rotamer library, to describe protein conformational ensembles. Using the MC-SCE method in conjunction with backbone variability, we can reliably determine the side chain rotamer populations derived from both room temperature and cryogenically cooled X-ray crystallographic structures for CypA and H-Ras and NMR J-coupling constants for CypA, Eglin-C, and the DHFR product binary complexes E:THF and E:FOL. Furthermore, we obtain near perfect discrimination between a protein’s native state ensemble and ensembles of misfolded structures for 55 different proteins, thereby generating far more competitive side chain packings for all of these proteins and their misfolded states.  
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  ISSN 0969-2126 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Times cited: 12 Approved no  
  Call Number AG @ matthewjvarga @ Serial 46310  
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Author (up) Birch, J. L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A revision of infrageneric classification in Astelia Banks & Sol. ex R.Br. (Asteliaceae) Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication PhytoKeys Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 52 Issue Pages 105-132  
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  Abstract Systematic investigations and phylogenetic analyses have indicated that Astelia, as currently circumscribed, is paraphyletic, with Collospermum nested within it. Further, A. subgenus Astelia is polyphyletic, and A. subgenera Asteliopsis and Tricella are paraphyletic, as currently circumscribed. Revision of the subgeneric classification of Astelia is warranted to ensure classification accurately reflects the evolutionary history of these taxa. Collospermum is relegated to synonymy within Astelia. Astelia is dioecious or polygamodioecious, with a superior ovary, anthers dorsi- or basifixed, pistillodes or pistils that have a single short or poorly defined style, a 3 lobed stigma, and fleshy uni- or trilocular fruit with funicular hairs that are poorly to well developed. Astelia subgenus Collospermum (Skottsb.) Birch is described. A key to Astelia sections is provided. Astelia hastata Colenso, A. montana Seem., and A. microsperma Colenso pro parte are resurrected and the new combination A. samoense (Skottsb.) Birch, comb. nov. is made.  
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  Publisher Pensoft Place of Publication Editor  
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  Call Number NYBG @ sthackurdeen @ Serial 42161  
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Author (up) Block, J.H.; Millán, J.M.; Román, C.; Zhou, H. doi  openurl
  Title Job Satisfaction and Wages of Family Employees Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue 2 Pages 183-207  
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  Abstract Although they represent a sizable occupational group, little is known about family employees. Using utility theory and the theory of compensating wage differentials, we hypothesize that family employees have higher levels of job satisfaction and lower wages relative to regular employees. We present several regressions based on a large cross-country panel data set that support our hypotheses, and we discuss our study's implications for research on family businesses and the labor market.  
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  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41265  
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Author (up) Blume-Jensen, P.; Berman, D.M.; Rimm, D.L.; Shipitsin, M.; Putzi, M.; Nifong, T.P.; Small, C.; Choudhury, S.; Capela, T.; Coupal, L.; Ernst, C.; Hurley, A.; Kaprelyants, A.; Chang, H.; Giladi, E.; Nardone, J.; Dunyak, J.; Loda, M.; Klein, E.A.; Magi-Galluzzi, C.; Latour, M.; Epstein, J.I.; Kantoff, P.; Saad, F. url  openurl
  Title Development and clinical validation of an in situ biopsy-based multimarker assay for risk stratification in prostate cancer Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Clin Cancer Res  
  Volume 21 Issue 11 Pages 2591-2600  
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  Abstract PURPOSE: Prostate cancer aggressiveness and appropriate therapy are routinely determined following biopsy sampling. Current clinical and pathologic parameters are insufficient for accurate risk prediction leading primarily to overtreatment and also missed opportunities for curative therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: An 8-biomarker proteomic assay for intact tissue biopsies predictive of prostate pathology was defined in a study of 381 patient biopsies with matched prostatectomy specimens. A second blinded study of 276 cases validated this assay’s ability to distinguish “favorable” versus “nonfavorable” pathology independently and relative to current risk classification systems National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN and D’Amico). RESULTS: A favorable biomarker risk score of ≤0.33, and a nonfavorable risk score of >0.80 (possible range between 0 and 1) were defined on “false-negative” and “false-positive” rates of 10% and 5%, respectively. At a risk score ≤0.33, predictive values for favorable pathology in very low-risk and low-risk NCCN and low-risk D’Amico groups were 95%, 81.5%, and 87.2%, respectively, higher than for these current risk classification groups themselves (80.3%, 63.8%, and 70.6%, respectively). The predictive value for nonfavorable pathology was 76.9% at biomarker risk scores >0.8 across all risk groups. Increased biomarker risk scores correlated with decreased frequency of favorable cases across all risk groups. The validation study met its two coprimary endpoints, separating favorable from nonfavorable pathology (AUC, 0.68; P < 0.0001; OR, 20.9) and GS-6 versus non-GS-6 pathology (AUC, 0.65; P < 0.0001; OR, 12.95). CONCLUSIONS: The 8-biomarker assay provided individualized, independent prognostic information relative to current risk stratification systems, and may improve the precision of clinical decision making following prostate biopsy.  
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  Call Number UofT @ ankit.sinha @ Serial 45258  
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