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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Mishra, Rakesh; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chitosan and Sodium Alginate after Biofield Treatment Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6 Issue 10 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Chitosan; Sodium alginate; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; Particle size analysis; Thermal analysis  
  Abstract Chitosan (CS) and sodium alginate (SA) are two widely popular biopolymers which are used for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications from many years. The objective of present study was to study the effect of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of CS and SA. The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The control and treated polymers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR of treated chitosan showed increase in frequency of –CH stretching (2925→2979 -1) vibrations with respect to control. However, the treated SA showed increase in frequency of –OH stretching (3182→3284 cm-1) which may be correlated to increase in force constant or bond strength with respect to control. CHNSO results showed significant increase in percentage of oxygen and hydrogen of treated polymers (CS and SA) with respect to control. XRD studies revealed that crystallinity was improved in treated CS as compared to control. The percentage crystallite size was increased significantly by 69.59% in treated CS with respect to control. However, treated SA showed decrease in crystallite size by 41.04% as compared to control sample. The treated SA showed significant reduction in particle size (d50 and d99) with respect to control SA. DSC study showed changes in decomposition temperature in treated CS with respect to control. A significant change in enthalpy was observed in treated polymers (CS and CA) with respect to control. TGA results of treated CS showed decrease in Tmax with respect to control. Likewise, the treated SA also showed decrease in Tmax which could be correlated to reduction in thermal stability after biofield treatment. Overall, the results showed that biofield treatment has significantly changed the physical, chemical and thermal properties of CS and SA.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chitosan and Sodium Alginate after Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2153-2435 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42728  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Saikia, Gunin; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Thermal, Spectroscopic and Chemical Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated Anisole Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Organic Chemistry Current Research Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 4 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield energy treatment; Anisole; Gas chromatography- Mass spectrometry; High performance liquid chromatography  
  Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the thermal, spectroscopic, and chemical properties of anisole by various analytical methods such as gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The anisole sample was divided into two parts, control and treated. The control part was remained same while the other part was treated with Mr. Trivedi’s unique biofield energy treatment. Mass spectra showed the molecular ion peak with five fragmented peaks in control and all treated samples. The isotopic abundance ratio of 2H/1H, and 13C/12C [(PM+1)/PM] in treated sample was increased by 154.47% (T1) as compared to the control [where, PM- primary molecule, (PM+1)-isotopic molecule either for 13C or 2H]. The HPLC chromatogram showed retention time of treated anisole was slightly decreased as compared to the control. Moreover, the heat change in the sharp endothermic transition of treated anisole was increased by 389.07% in DSC thermogram as compared to the control. Further, C-C aromatic stretching frequency of treated sample was shifted by 2 cm-1 to low energy region in FT-IR spectroscopy. The UV-Vis spectra of control sample showed characteristic absorption peaks at 325 nm, which was red shifted and appeared as shoulder in the treated sample. These results suggested that biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and spectroscopic properties of anisole, which could make them stable solvent for organic synthesis and as a suitable reaction intermediate in industrial applications.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Thermal, Spectroscopic and Chemical Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated Anisole  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2161-0401 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42729  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Mishra, Rakesh; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of Biofield Treated O-Aminophenol Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6 Issue 10 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield energy treatment; o-aminophenol; X-ray diffraction; Differential scanning calorimetry; Thermogravimetric analysis; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; UV-visible analysis  
  Abstract O-aminophenol has extensive uses as a conducting material and in electrochemical devices. The objective of this research was to investigate the influence of biofield energy treatment on the physical thermal and spectral properties of o-aminophenol. The study was performed in two groups; the control group was remained as untreated, while the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Subsequently, the control and treated o-aminophenol samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), surface area analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and Ultra violet-visible spectroscopy analysis (UV-vis). The XRD analysis showed an increase in peak intensity of the treated o-aminophenol with respect to the control. Additionally, the crystallite size of the treated o-aminophenol was increased by 34.51% with respect to the control sample. DSC analysis showed a slight increase in the melting temperature of the treated sample as compared to the control. However, a significant increase in the latent heat of fusion was observed in the treated o-aminophenol by 162.24% with respect to the control. TGA analysis showed an increase in the maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) in treated o-aminophenol (178.17ºC) with respect to the control (175ºC). It may be inferred that the thermal stability of o-aminophenol increased after the biofield treatment. The surface area analysis using BET showed a substantial decrease in the surface area of the treated sample by 47.1% as compared to the control. The FT-IR analysis showed no changes in the absorption peaks of the treated sample with respect to the control. UV-visible analysis showed alteration in the absorption peaks i.e. 211→203 nm and 271→244 nm of the treated o-aminophenol as compared to the control. Overall, the results showed that the biofield treatment caused an alteration in the physical, thermal and spectral properties of the treated o-aminophenol.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of Biofield Treated O-Aminophenol  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2153-2435 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42730  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Singh, Ragini; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical, Thermal, and Spectroscopic Studies Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Waste Resources Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5 Issue 4 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield energy treatment; 3-Chloronitrobenzene; X-ray diffraction study; Thermogravimetric analysis; Differential scanning calorimetry; UV-Visible spectroscopy; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy  
  Abstract The chloronitrobenzenes are widely used as the intermediates in the production of pharmaceuticals, pesticides and rubber processing chemicals. However, due to their wide applications, they are frequently released into the environment thereby creating hazards. The objective of the study was to use an alternative strategy i.e. biofield energy treatment and analysed its impact on the physical, thermal and spectral properties of 3-chloronitrobenzene (3-CNB). For the study, the 3-CNB sample was taken and divided into two groups, named as control and treated. The analytical techniques used were X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), UV-Visible (UV-Vis), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The treated group was subjected to the biofield energy treatment and analysed using these techniques against the control sample. The XRD data showed an alteration in relative intensity of the peak along with 30% decrease in the crystallite size of the treated sample as compared to the control. The TGA studies revealed the decrease in onset temperature of degradation from 140ºC (control) to 120°C, while maximum thermal degradation temperature was changed from 157.61ºC (control) to 150.37ºC in the treated sample as compared to the control. Moreover, the DSC studies revealed the decrease in the melting temperature from 51°C (control) →47°C in the treated sample. Besides, the UV-Vis and FT-IR spectra of the treated sample did not show any significant alteration in terms of wavelength and frequencies of the peaks, respectively from the control sample. The overall study results showed the impact of biofield energy treatment on the physical and thermal properties of 3-CNB that can further affect its use as a chemical intermediate and its fate in the environment.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical, Thermal, and Spectroscopic Studies  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2252-5211 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42731  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Bairwa, Khemraj; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Physicochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of p-Chlorobenzaldehyde: An Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Insights in Analytical Electrochemistry Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue 5 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield energy treatment; p-Chlorobenzaldehyde; Surface area; X-Ray diffraction; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; UV-Vis spectroscopy  
  Abstract p-Chlorobenzaldehyde (p-CBA) is used as an important chemical intermediate for the preparation of pharmaceuticals, agricultural chemicals, dyestuffs, optical brighteners, and metal finishing products. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of biofield energy treatment on the physicochemical and spectroscopic properties of p-CBA. The study was accomplished in two groups i.e. control and treated. The control group was remained as untreated, while the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Finally, both the samples (control and treated) were evaluated using various analytical techniques. The surface area analysis showed a substantial increase in the surface area by 23.06% after biofield treatment with respect to the control sample. The XRD analysis showed the crystalline nature of both control and treated samples. The X-ray diffractogram showed the significant alteration in the peak intensity in treated sample as compared to the control. The XRD analysis showed the slight increase (2.31%) in the crystallite size of treated sample as compared to the control. The TGA analysis exhibited the decrease (10%) in onset temperature of thermal degradation form 140°C (control) to 126°C in treated sample. The Tmax (maximum thermal degradation temperature) was slightly decreased (2.14%) from 157.09°C (control) to 153.73°C in treated sample of p-CBA. This decrease in Tmax was possibly due to early phase of vaporization in treated sample as compared to the control. The FT-IR spectrum of treated p-CBA showed the increase in wavenumber of C=C stretching as compared to the control. The UV spectroscopic study showed the similar pattern of wavelength in control and treated samples.Altogether, the surface area, XRD, TGA-DTG and FT-IR analysis suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has the impact to alter the physicochemical properties of p-CBA. This treated p-CBA could be utilized as a better chemical intermediate than the control p-CBA for the synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs and organic chemicals.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher iMedPub Journals Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Physicochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of p-Chlorobenzaldehyde: An Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2470-9867 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42732  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Atomic and Thermal Properties of Ethanol Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Organic Chemistry Current Research Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Ethanol; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; Differential scanning calorimetry; High performance liquid chromatography  
  Abstract Ethanol is a polar organic solvent, and frequently used as a fuel in automobile industries, principally as an additive with gasoline due to its higher octane rating. It is generally produced from biomass such as corn, sugar and some other agriculture products. In the present study, impact of biofield treatment on ethanol was evaluated with respect to its atomic and thermal properties. The ethanol sample was divided into two parts i.e., control and treatment. Control part was remained untreated. Treatment part was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples were characterized using Gas chromatography-mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). GC-MS data revealed that isotopic abundance of 13C i.e., δ13C of treated ethanol was significantly changed from -199‰ upto 155‰ as compared to control. The DSC data exhibited that the latent heat of vaporization of treated ethanol was increased by 94.24% as compared to control, while no significant change was found in boiling point. Besides, HPLC data showed that retention time was 2.65 minutes in control, was increased to 2.76 minutes in treated ethanol sample. Thus, overall data suggest that biofield treatment has altered the atomic and thermal properties of ethanol.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Atomic and Thermal Properties of Ethanol  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2161-0401 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42733  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Singh, Ragini; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterisation of Physical, Spectral and Thermal Properties of Biofield treated Resorcinol Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Organic Chemistry Current Research Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords Resorcinol; Biofield energy treatment; X-Ray diffraction; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Ultraviolet-Visible spectroscopy; Differential scanning calorimetry; Thermogravimetric analysis  
  Abstract Resorcinol is widely used in manufacturing of several drugs and pharmaceutical products that are mainly used for topical ailments. The main objective of this study is to use an alternative strategy i.e., biofield treatment to alter the physical, spectral and thermal properties of resorcinol. The resorcinol sample was divided in two groups, which served as control and treated group. The treated group was given biofield treatment and both groups i.e., control and treated were analysed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, UV-Visible (UVVis) spectroscopy, Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The results showed a significant decrease in crystallite size of treated sample i.e., 104.7 nm as compared to control (139.6 nm). The FTIR and UV-Vis spectra of treated sample did not show any change with respect to control. Besides, thermal analysis data showed 42% decrease in latent heat of fusion. The onset temperature of volatilization and temperature at which maximum volatilization happened was also decreased by 16% and 12.86%, respectively. The significant decrease in crystallite size may help to improve the spreadability and hence bioavailability of resorcinol in topical formulations. Also increase in volatilization temperature might increase the rate of reaction of resorcinol when used as intermediate. Hence, biofield treatment may alter the physical and thermal properties of resorcinol and make it more suitable for use in pharmaceutical industry.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterisation of Physical, Spectral and Thermal Properties of Biofield treated Resorcinol  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2161-0401 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42734  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Shettigar, Harish; Gangwar, Mayank; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Antibiogram of Multidrug-Resistant Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa after Biofield Treatment Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Infectious Diseases & Therapy Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3 Issue 5 Pages  
  Keywords Pseudomonas aeruginosa ; Biofield treatment; Multidrugresistant; Antimicrobial susceptibility; Biochemical reaction; Biotyping  
  Abstract In recent years, prevalence of multidrug resistance (MDR) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) has been noticed with high morbidity and mortality. Aim of the present study was to determine the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment on MDR clinical lab isolates (LS) of P. aeruginosa. Five MDR clinical lab isolates (LS 22, LS 23, LS 38, LS 47, and LS 58) of P. aeruginosa were taken and divided into two groups i.e. control and biofield treated. Control and treated group were analyzed for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), biochemical study and biotype number using MicroScan Walk-Away® system. The analysis was done on day 10 after biofield treatment as compared with control group. Antimicrobial sensitivity assay showed 60% alteration in sensitivity of tested antimicrobials in MDR isolates of P. aeruginosa after biofield treatment. MIC results showed an alteration in 42.85% tested antimicrobials out of twenty eight after biofield treatment in five isolates of MDR P. aeruginosa. Biochemical study showed a 48.48% change in tested biochemical reactions out of thirty three as compared to control. A significant change in biotype numbers was reported in three clinical lab isolates of MDR P. aeruginosa out of five, after biofield treatment as compared to respective control. On the basis of changed biotype number (7302 0052) in biofield treated LS 23, new organism was identified as Citrobacter freundii as compared to control (0206 3336). A very rare biotype number (7400 4263) was found in biofield treated LS 38, as compared to control (0206 3736). Study results suggest that biofield treatment on lab isolates of MDR P. aeruginosa has significant effect on the antimicrobial sensitivity, MIC values, biochemical reactions and biotype number. Biofield treatment might prevent the emergence of absolute resistance pattern of useful antimicrobials against MDR isolates of P. aeruginosa.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Antibiogram of Multidrug-Resistant Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa after Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2332-0877 ISBN Medium  
  Area Microbiology Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42735  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Mishra, Rakesh; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Biofield Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-fluoroaniline Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Thermodynamics & Catalysis Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords 3-Chloro-4-Fluoroaniline; Biofield energy treatment; Thermal analysis; X-ray diffraction; Fourier transform infrared analysis; Ultra violet-visible spectroscopy  
  Abstract 3-Chloro-4-fluoroaniline (CFA) is used as an intermediate for the synthesis of pharmaceutical compounds. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of biofield energy treatment on the physical, thermal and spectral properties of CFA. The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and the treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. The control and treated CFA samples were further characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and ultra violet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) analysis. The XRD analysis of treated CFA showed significant changes in the intensity of peaks as compared to the control. However, the average crystallite size (G) was significantly decreased by 22.08% in the treated CFA with respect to the control. The DSC analysis showed slight decrease in the melting temperature of treated CFA (47.56°C) as compared to the control (48.05°C). However, the latent heat of fusion in the treated sample was considerably changed by 4.28% with respect to the control. TGA analysis showed increase in maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of the treated sample (163.34°C) as compared to the control sample (159.97°C). Moreover the onset temperature of treated CFA (148 °C) was also increased as compared to the control sample (140°C). Additionally, the weight loss of the treated sample was reduced (42.22%) with respect to the control (56.04%) that may be associated with increase in thermal stability. The FT-IR spectroscopic evaluation showed emergence of one new peak at 3639 cm-1 and alteration of the N-H (stretching and bending) peak in the treated sample as compared to the control. Overall, the result demonstrated that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has paramount influence on the physical, thermal and spectral properties of CFA.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Omics Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Biofield Energy Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modulating Physical, Thermal and Spectral Properties of 3-Chloro-4-fluoroaniline  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2157-7544 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42736  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Singh, Ragini; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Physicochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofield Treated Butylated Hydroxytoluene Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Food & Industrial Microbiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield energy treatment; Butylated hydroxytoluene; Reactive oxygen species; Complementary and alternative medicine; Thermogravimetric analysis  
  Abstract The antioxidants play an important role in the preservation of foods and the management of oxidative stress related diseases by acting on reactive oxygen species and free radicals. However, their use in high temperature processed food and pharmaceuticals are limited due to its low thermal stability. The objective of the study was to use the biofield energy treatment on butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) i.e. antioxidant and analyse its impact on the physical, thermal, and spectral properties of BHT. For the study, the sample was divided into two groups and termed as control and treated. The treated group was subjected to biofield energy treatment. The characterization of treated sample was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and UV-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The XRD results showed the alteration in lattice parameters, unit cell volume, and molecular weight along with 14.8% reduction in the crystallite size of treated sample as compared to the control. The DSC analysis showed an increase in the latent heat of fusion from 75.94 J/g (control) to 96.23 J/g in the treated BHT sample. The TGA analysis showed an increase in onset temperature of decomposition (130°C→136°C) and maximum thermal decomposition temperature (152.39°C→158.42°C) in the treated sample as compared to the control. Besides, the FT-IR analysis reported the shifting of aromatic C-H stretching peak towards higher frequency (3068→3150 cm-1) and C=C stretching towards lower frequency (1603→1575 cm-1) as compared to the control sample. Moreover, the UV spectrum also revealed the shifting of the peak at λmax 247 nm (control) to 223 nm in the treated sample. The overall results showed the impact of biofield energy treatment on physical, thermal and spectral properties of BHT sample.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Omics Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title Physicochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofield Treated Butylated Hydroxytoluene  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Publications Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42738  
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