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Author Birch, J. L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A revision of infrageneric classification in Astelia Banks & Sol. ex R.Br. (Asteliaceae) Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication PhytoKeys Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 52 Issue (up) Pages 105-132  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Systematic investigations and phylogenetic analyses have indicated that Astelia, as currently circumscribed, is paraphyletic, with Collospermum nested within it. Further, A. subgenus Astelia is polyphyletic, and A. subgenera Asteliopsis and Tricella are paraphyletic, as currently circumscribed. Revision of the subgeneric classification of Astelia is warranted to ensure classification accurately reflects the evolutionary history of these taxa. Collospermum is relegated to synonymy within Astelia. Astelia is dioecious or polygamodioecious, with a superior ovary, anthers dorsi- or basifixed, pistillodes or pistils that have a single short or poorly defined style, a 3 lobed stigma, and fleshy uni- or trilocular fruit with funicular hairs that are poorly to well developed. Astelia subgenus Collospermum (Skottsb.) Birch is described. A key to Astelia sections is provided. Astelia hastata Colenso, A. montana Seem., and A. microsperma Colenso pro parte are resurrected and the new combination A. samoense (Skottsb.) Birch, comb. nov. is made.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Pensoft Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number NYBG @ sthackurdeen @ Serial 42161  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Saikia, Gunin; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Investigation of Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Biofield Treated Phenol Derivatives Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Chromatography Separation Techniques Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume S6 Issue (up) Pages  
  Keywords Biofield energy treatment; Butylatedhydroxytoluene; Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometry; 4-methoxyphenol; Isotopic abundance  
  Abstract Butylatedhydroxytoluene (BHT) and 4-methoxyphenol (4-MP) are phenol derivatives that are generally known for their antioxidant properties and depigmenting activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the isotopic abundance of BHT and 4-MP using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). BHT and 4-MP samples were divided into two parts: control and treated. The control group remained untreated while the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples were characterized using GC-MS. The GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 2H/1H (PM+1/PM) and 18O/16O (PM+2/PM) increased significantly in treated BHT and 4-MP (where PM- primary molecule, PM+1- isotopic molecule either for 13C or 2H and PM+2 is the isotopic molecule for 18O). The isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+1/PM) in the treated BHT and 4-MP was increased up to 181.27% and 380.73% respectively as compared to their respective control. Moreover, the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+2/PM) in the treated BHT and 4-MP increased up to 185.99% and 355.33% respectively. GC-MS data suggests that the biofield treatment significantly increased the isotopic abundance of 2H, 13C and 18O in the treated BHT and 4-MP as compared to the control.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Investigation of Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Biofield Treated Phenol Derivatives Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2157-7064 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharma Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42721  
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Author De Waal-Andrews, W., Gregg, A. P., & Lammers, J. openurl 
  Title When status is grabbed and when status is granted: Getting ahead in dominance and prestige hierarchies Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication British Journal of Social Psychology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 54 Issue (up) Pages 445-464  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OU @ Wendy.deWaal-Andrews @ Serial 43623  
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Author Miller, D. doi  openurl
  Title A Downside to the Entrepreneurial Personality? Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue (up) 1 Pages 1-8  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The literature on entrepreneurship bears a distinctly positive cast, often with good reason. Entrepreneurs and their innovations have contributed enormously to national wealth, and so scholars have examined the personalities, capabilities, and contexts underlying these contributions. However, despite some early work, the negative aspects of the entrepreneurial personality have been largely ignored. We shall argue that given the nature of the challenges facing many entrepreneurs and the consequent demands of their jobs, certain personality traits will be quite valuable to them. These, however, tend to be Janus-faced in that positive attributes, such as energy, self-confidence, need for achievement, and independence, may sometimes devolve naturally into aggressiveness, narcissism, ruthlessness, and irresponsibility. Given the costly repercussions of the latter characteristics, we urge more study of their nature and causes among entrepreneurs.  
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  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41203  
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Author Allison, T.H.; Davis, B.C.; Short, J.C.; Webb, J.W. doi  openurl
  Title Crowdfunding in a Prosocial Microlending Environment: Examining the Role of Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Cues Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue (up) 1 Pages 53-73  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Microloans garnered from crowdfunding provide an important source of financial capital for nascent entrepreneurs. Drawing on cognitive evaluation theory, we assess how linguistic cues known to affect underlying motivation can frame entrepreneurial narratives either as a business opportunity or as an opportunity to help others. We examine how this framing affects fundraising outcomes in the context of prosocial lending and conduct our analysis on a sample of microloans made to over 36,000 entrepreneurs in 51 countries via an online crowdfunding platform. We find that lenders respond positively to narratives highlighting the venture as an opportunity to help others, and less positively when the narrative is framed as a business opportunity.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41433  
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Author Sun, S.L.; Im, J. doi  openurl
  Title Cutting Microfinance Interest Rates: An Opportunity Co-Creation Perspective Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue (up) 1 Pages 101-128  
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  Abstract Microfinance is a social innovation to alleviate poverty by providing small, unsecured loans to local indigent entrepreneurs. Many borrowers use microfinance loans to seed their small entrepreneurial businesses. However, high interest rates charged by microfinance institutions (MFIs) are likely to increase the financial burden of those borrowers. In this study, we adopt an opportunity co-creation perspective to analyze the factors that affect microfinance interest rates. We argue that new opportunities in a social venture could be co-created by multiple stakeholders, including MFIs, borrower communities, female borrowers, governments, MFI managers, and employees. We tested our hypothese on interest rate setting of MFIs by using 4,187 organization-year observations from 2003 to 2011 across 93 countries, and the empirical results largely support the hypotheses. Our opportunity co-creation perspective extends the current understanding on microfinance and provides important managerial implications.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41443  
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Author Moss, T.W.; Neubaum, D.O.; Meyskens, M. doi  openurl
  Title The Effect of Virtuous and Entrepreneurial Orientations on Microfinance Lending and Repayment: A Signaling Theory Perspective Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue (up) 1 Pages 27-52  
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  Abstract The availability of capital for microenterprises has grown rapidly due to microfinancing platforms such as Kiva. The investment decisions of microlenders are challenged due to the limited information about the microenterprises' characteristics and behavioral intentions. Extending signaling theory, we suggest that microenterprises' narratives on microfinancing platforms are an important means to signal valuable characteristics and behavioral intentions to prospective lenders. Results indicate that microenterprises, which signal autonomy, competitive aggressiveness, and risk-taking, are more likely to receive funding, and to receive it more quickly. Microenterprises that signal conscientiousness, courage, empathy, and warmth are less likely to get funded. Rhetorical signaling proactiveness, conscientiousness, courage, warmth, or zeal is negatively associated with loan repayment.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41550  
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Author Bruton, G.; Khavul, S.; Siegel, D.; Wright, M. doi  openurl
  Title New Financial Alternatives in Seeding Entrepreneurship: Microfinance, Crowdfunding, and Peer-to-Peer Innovations Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue (up) 1 Pages 9-26  
  Keywords  
  Abstract New financing alternatives, such as microfinance, crowdfunding, and peer-to-peer lending, have expanded rapidly. To date, few studies have investigated the antecedents and consequences of these financing mechanisms. This special issue provides an academic foundation for understanding new financial options that entrepreneurs can now use to start and grow ventures. In the introductory article, we integrate strands of the literature on emerging innovations in entrepreneurial finance and provide a framework for a systematic approach to new research questions. We conclude with a discussion of the six papers in the special issue and demonstrate how they contribute to the framework.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41568  
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Author Colombo, M.G.; Franzoni, C.; Rossi-Lamastra, C. doi  openurl
  Title Internal Social Capital and the Attraction of Early Contributions in Crowdfunding Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue (up) 1 Pages 75-100  
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  Abstract The nascent crowdfunding literature has highlighted the existence of a self-reinforcing pattern whereby contributions received in the early days of a campaign accelerate its success. After discussing what sustains this pattern, we maintain that the internal social capital that proponents may develop inside the crowdfunding community provides crucial assistance in igniting a self-reinforcing mechanism. Results of an econometric analysis of a sample of 669 Kickstarter projects are consistent with this view. Moreover, the effect of internal social capital on the success of a campaign is fully mediated by the capital and backers collected in the campaign's early days.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41608  
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Author Chakravarty, S.; Shahriar, A.Z.M. doi  openurl
  Title Selection of Borrowing Partners in Joint Liability-Based Microcredit: Evidence from Framed Field Experiments in Bangladesh Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue (up) 1 Pages 129-144  
  Keywords  
  Abstract We analyze partner selection decisions in the formation of borrowing groups in joint liability-based microcredit. We do so within the context of a framed field experiment with the owners of small businesses in rural Bangladesh. We find that when, irrespective of their project status, borrowers are required to make joint liability payments, risky borrowers will offer side payments that are sufficiently large to attract safe borrowers, leading to the formation of heterogeneous risk-matched groups. We discuss the implications of heterogeneous risk matching for the survival and success of small enterprises, and their financiers, in countries with a weak institutional environment.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41742  
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