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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Structural Properties of Chromium (VI) Oxide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Powder Metallurgy & Mining Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Chromium (VI) oxide powder; X-Ray diffraction; Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy; TGA-DTA  
  Abstract Chromium (VI) oxide (CrO3) has gained extensive attention due to its versatile physical and chemical properties. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical, thermal and structural properties of CrO3 powder. In this study, CrO3 powder was divided into two parts i.e. control and treatment. Control part was remained as untreated and treated part received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Subsequently, control and treated CrO3 samples were characterized using Thermo gravimetric analysis-differential thermal analysis (TGA-DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). DTA showed that the melting point of treated CrO3 was increased upto 212.65°C (T3) as compared to 201.43°C in control. In addition, the latent heat of fusion was reduced upto 51.70% in treated CrO3 as compared to control. TGA showed the maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) around 330°C, was increased upto 340.12°C in treated CrO3 sample. XRD data revealed that lattice parameter and unit cell volume of treated CrO3 samples were reduced by 0.25 and 0.92% respectively, whereas density was increased by 0.93% in treated CrO3 sample as compared to control. The crystallite size of treated CrO3 was increased from 46.77 nm (control) to 60.13 nm after biofield treatment. FT-IR spectra showed the absorption peaks corresponding to Cr=O at 906 and 944 cm-1 in control, which were increased to 919 and 949 cm¬1 in treated CrO3 after biofield treatment. Overall, these results suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the physical, thermal and structural properties of CrO3 powder.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Structural Properties of Chromium (VI) Oxide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-9806 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42643  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Nayak, Gopal; Patil, Shrikant; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physical and Structural Properties of Brass Powder After Biofield Treatment Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Powder Metallurgy & Mining Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Brass; X-ray diffraction; Fourier transform infrared; Particle size; Scanning electron microscopy  
  Abstract Brass, a copper-zinc (Cu-Zn) alloy has gained extensive attention in industries due to its high corrosion resistance, machinability and strength to weight ratio. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of biofield treatment on structural and physical properties of brass powder. The brass powder sample was divided into two parts: control and treated. The treated part was subjected to Mr.Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated brass powder were characterized using particle size analyser, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The result showed that the average particle size, d50and d99 (size below which 99% particles were present) were reduced up to 44.3% and 56.4%, respectively as compared to control. XRD result revealed that the unit cell volume in treated brass powder was increased up to 0.19% as compared to control. Besides, the crystallite size of brass powder was significantly increased up to 100.5% as compared to control, after biofield treatment. Furthermore, SEM microscopy showed welded particles in control powder, however fractured surfaces were observed in treated sample. In FT-IR spectra, new peak at 685 cm-1 was observed after biofield treatment as compared to control that might be due to alteration in bonding properties in treated brass sample. These findings suggest that the biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and structural properties of brass powder.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physical and Structural Properties of Brass Powder After Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-9806 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42644  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physical and Structural Properties of Aluminium Carbide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Aluminium carbide powder; X-ray diffraction; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Surface area  
  Abstract Aluminium carbide (Al4C3) has gained extensive attention due to its abrasive and creep resistance properties. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical and structural properties of Al4C3 powder. The Al4C3 powder was divided into two parts i.e. control and treated. Control part was remained as untreated and treated part received biofield treatment. Subsequently, control and treated Al4C3 samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analyser and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). XRD data revealed that lattice parameter and unit cell volume of treated Al4C3 samples were increased by 0.33 and 0.66% respectively, as compared to control. The density of treated Al4C3 samples was reduced upto 0.65% as compared to control. In addition, the molecular weight and crystallite size of treated Al4C3 samples were increased upto 0.66 and 249.53% respectively as compared to control. Furthermore, surface area of treated Al4C3 sample was increased by 5% as compared to control. The FT-IR spectra revealed no significant change in absorption peaks of treated Al4C3 samples as compared to control. Thus, XRD and surface area results suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the physical and structural properties of treated Al4C3 powder.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physical and Structural Properties of Aluminium Carbide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-9792 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42649  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Nayak, Gopal; Patil, Shrikant; Latiyal, Omprakash; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Physical and Structural Properties of Bronze Powder Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Advances in Automobile Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Bronze; X-ray diffraction; FT-IR; Particle size; SEM  
  Abstract Bronze, a copper-tin alloy, widely utilizing in manufacturing of gears, bearing, and packing technologies due to its versatile physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of biofield treatment on physical and structural properties of bronze powder. Bronze powder was divided into two samples, one served as control and the other sample was received biofield treatment. Control and treated bronze samples were characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analyzer, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. XRD result showed that the unit cell volume was reduced upto 0.78% on day 78 in treated bronze as compared to control. Further, the crystallite size was significantly reduced upto 49.96% in treated bronze sample on day 106 as compared to control. In addition, the biofield treatment has significantly reduced the average particle size upto 18.22% in treated bronze powder as compared to control. SEM data showed agglomerated and welded particles in control bronze powder, whereas fractured morphology at satellites boundaries were observed in treated bronze. The yield strength of bronze powder calculated using Hall- Petch equation, was significantly changed after biofield treatment. The FT-IR analysis showed that there were three new peaks at 464 cm-1, 736 cm-1, and 835 cm-1 observed in treated bronze as compared to control; indicated that the biofield treatment may alter the bond properties in bronze. Therefore, the biofield treatment has substantially altered the characteristics of bronze at physical and structural level.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Physical and Structural Properties of Bronze Powder  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2167-7670 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42665  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Gangwar, Mayank; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Bacterial Identification Using 16S rDNA Gene Sequencing and Antibiogram Analysis on Biofield Treated Pseudomonas fluorescens Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Clinical & Medical Biochemistry: Open Access Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Pseudomonas fluorescens; Biofield treatment; Lyophilized state; Antimicrobial susceptibility; Biochemical reactions; Biotype; 16S rDNA sequencing  
  Abstract Biofield therapies have been reported to improve the quality of life as compared to other energy medicine. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens) for antimicrobial sensitivity, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), biochemical reactions, and biotype number. P. fluorescens cells were procured from MicroBioLogics Inc., USA in sealed packs bearing the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC 49838) number and divided in control and treated group. The effect was evaluated on day 10, and 159 after biofield treatment in lyophilized state. Further study was performed on day 5, 10, and 15 after retreatment on day 159 in revived state as per study design. All experimental parameters were studied using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system. The 16S rDNA sequencing was carried out to correlate the phylogenetic relationship of P. fluorescens with other bacterial species after treatment. The results showed improved sensitivities and decreased MIC value of aztreonam, cefepime, moxifloxacin, and tetracycline in revived and lyophilized treated sample with respect to the control. Arginine, cetrimide, kanamycin, and glucose showed altered biochemical reactions after biofield treatment with respect to control. Biotype numbers were altered along with species in lyophilized as well as in revived group. Based on nucleotides homology and phylogenetic analysis using 16S rDNA gene sequencing, treated sample was detected to be Pseudomonas entomophila (GenBank Accession Number: AY907566) with 96% identity of gene sequencing data, which was nearest homolog species to P. fluorescens (Accession No. EF672049). These findings suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s unique biofield treatment has the capability to alter changes in pathogenic P. fluorescens even in the lyophilized storage condition and can be used to modify the sensitivity of microbes against antimicrobials.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Bacterial Identification Using 16S rDNA Gene Sequencing and Antibiogram Analysis on Biofield Treated Pseudomonas fluorescens  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2471-2663 ISBN Medium  
  Area Microbiology Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42668  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Mishra, Rakesh Kumar; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physical and Thermal Properties of Biofield Treated Neopentyl Glycol Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry: Open Access Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Neopentyl glycol; X-ray diffraction; Differential scanning calorimetry; Thermogravimetric analysis; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy  
  Abstract Neopentyl glycol (NPG) has been extensively used as solid-solid phase change materials (PCMs) for thermal energy storage applications. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical, spectral and thermal properties of NPG. The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and treatment group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. The control and treated NPG were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. XRD study revealed the decrease in crystallite size of treated NPG by 21.97% as compared to control sample. DSC studies showed slight change in melting temperature of treated NPG as compared to control sample. TGA analysis showed 55.66% weight loss in control NPG however, the treated sample showed reduction in weight loss (44.81%). Additionally, the maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of treated NPG (160.40°C) was minimally increased with respect to control sample (159.72°C). This can be inferred as good thermal stability of biofield treated NPG with respect to control. FT-IR spectroscopy showed no structural changes in treated NPG with respect to control sample. The overall results showed that biofield treatment has affected the physical and thermal properties of treated NPG. Moreover, good thermal stability of treated NPG showed that it could be used as phase change materials for thermal energy storage applications.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physical and Thermal Properties of Biofield Treated Neopentyl Glycol  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2471-2698 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42691  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Singh, Ragini; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Physicochemical Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated Hi VegTM Acid Hydrolysate Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5 Issue (up) 1 Pages 1-8  
  Keywords Protein Hydrolysate; Acid Hydrolysis; Hi VegTM Acid Hydrolysate; Hydrolysed Vegetable Protein  
  Abstract The hydrolysed vegetable proteins are acidic or enzymatic hydrolytic product of proteins derived from various sources such as milk, meat or vegetables. The current study was designed to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the various physicochemical and spectra properties of Hi vegTM acid hydrolysate i.e. a hydrolysed vegetable protein. The Hi vegTM acid hydrolysate sample was divided into two parts that served as control and treated sample. The treated sample was subjected to the biofield energy treatment and its properties were analysed using particle size analyser, X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analyser, UV-visible and infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. The results of various parameters were compared with the control (untreated) part. The XRD data showed the decrease in crystallite size of treated sample from 110.27 nm (control) to 79.26 nm. The particle size was also reduced in treated sample as 162.13 μm as compared to the control sample (168.27 μm). Moreover, the surface area analysis revealed the 63.79% increase in the surface area of the biofield treated sample as compared to the control. The UV-Vis spectra of both samples i.e. control and treated showed the absorbance at same wavelength. However, the FT-IR spectroscopy revealed the shifting in peaks corresponding to N-H, C-H, C=O, C-N, and C-S functional groups in the treated sample with respect to the control. The thermal analysis also revealed the alteration in degradation pattern along with increase in onset temperature of degradation and maximum degradation temperature in the treated sample as compared to the control. The overall data showed the impact of biofield energy treatment on the physicochemical and spectroscopic properties of the treated sample of Hi vegTM acid hydrolysate. The biofield treated sample might show the improved solubility, wettability and thermal stability profile as compared to the control sample.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Science Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Physicochemical Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated Hi VegTM Acid Hydrolysate  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2327-2694 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42695  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Saikia, Gunin; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Isotopic Abundance Analysis of Biofield Treated Benzene, Toluene and p-Xylene Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Benzene; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; Toluene; p-xylene  
  Abstract Benzene, toluene and p-xylene are derivatives of benzene, generally produced from crude petroleum and have numerous applications in industry. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on isotopic abundance of these benzene derivatives by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Benzene, toluene and p-xylene samples were divided into two parts: control and treatment. Control part was remained as untreated and treatment part was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples were characterized using GC-MS. GC-MS data revealed that isotopic abundance ratio of 13C12C or 2H/1H (PM+1/PM) of treated samples were significantly increased from un-substituted to substituted benzene rings (where, PM- primary molecule, PM+1- isotopic molecule either for 13C/12C and/or 2H/1H). The isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 2H/1H (PM+1/PM) in benzene was decreased significantly by 42.14% as compared to control. However, the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+1/PM) in treated toluene and p-xylene was significantly increased up to 531.61% and 134.34% respectively as compared to their respective control. Thus, overall data suggest that biofield treatment has significantly altered the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+1/PM) in a different way for un-substituted and substituted benzenes.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Isotopic Abundance Analysis of Biofield Treated Benzene, Toluene and p-Xylene Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS)  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2469-9861 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42704  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Bairwa, Khemraj; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Physicochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated p-Anisidine Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry: Open Access Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords p-Anisidine; X-ray diffraction; Surface area analysis; Differential scanning calorimetry; Fourier transform infrared; Biofield energy  
  Abstract The p-anisidine is widely used as chemical intermediate in the production of various dyes, pigments, and pharmaceuticals. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of biofield energy treatment on the physicochemical and spectroscopic properties of p-anisidine. The study was performed after dividing the sample in two groups; one was remained as untreated and another was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Afterward, both the control and treated samples of p-anisidine were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analyzer, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis-derivative thermogravimetry (TGA-DTG), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The XRD analysis showed the increase in unit cell volume from 683.81 → 690.18 × 10-24 cm3 and crystallite size from 83.84→84.62 nm in the treated sample with respect to the control. The surface area analysis exhibited the significant increase (25.44%) in the surface area of treated sample as compared to control. The DSC thermogram of control p-anisidine showed the latent heat of fusion and melting temperature and 146.78 J/g and 59.41°C, respectively, which were slightly increased to 148.89 J/g and 59.49°C, respectively after biofield treatment. The TGA analysis showed the onset temperature of thermal degradation at 134.68°C in the control sample that was increased to 150.02°C after biofield treatment. The result showed about 11.39% increase in onset temperature of thermal degradation of treated p-anisidine as compared to the control. Moreover, the Tmax (temperature at which maximum thermal degradation occurs) was also increased slightly from 165.99°C (control) to 168.10°C (treated). This indicated the high thermal stability of treated p-anisidine as compared to the control. However, the FT-IR and UV spectroscopic studies did not show any significant changes in the spectral properties of treated p-anisidine with respect to the control.All together, the XRD, surface area and thermal analysis suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has the impact on physical and thermal properties of the treated p-anisidine.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Physicochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated p-Anisidine  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2471-2698 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42706  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Mondal, Sambhu Charan; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Phenotyping and 16S rDNA Analysis after Biofield Treatment on Citrobacter braakii: A Urinary Pathogen Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Clinical & Medical Genomics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Citrobacter braakii; Antimicrobial susceptibility; Biofield treatment; Biochemical reaction; Biotype; 16S rDNA analysis; Gramnegative bacteria; Enterobacteriaceae  
  Abstract Citrobacter braakii (C. braakii) is widespread in nature, mainly found in human urinary tract. The current study was attempted to investigate the effect of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment on C. braakii in lyophilized as well as revived state for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, biochemical characteristics, and biotype number. Lyophilized vial of ATCC strain of C. braakii was divided into two parts, Group (Gr.) I: control and Gr. II: treated. Gr. II was further subdivided into two parts, Gr. IIA and Gr. IIB. Gr. IIA was analysed on day 10 while Gr. IIB was stored and analysed on day 159 (Study I). After retreatment on day 159, the sample (Study II) was divided into three separate tubes. First, second and third tube was analysed on day 5, 10 and 15, respectively. All experimental parameters were studied using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system. The 16S rDNA sequencing of lyophilized treated sample was carried out to correlate the phylogenetic relationship of C. braakii with other bacterial species. The antimicrobial susceptibility and minimum inhibitory concentration showed 39.29% and 15.63% alteration respectively in treated cells of C. braakii as compared to control. Tetracycline showed improved sensitivity pattern, i.e., from resistant to susceptible after biofield treatment, with support of decreased MIC value (>8 to ≤ 4 µg/mL) by two-fold in all the treated samples as compared to the control. Biochemical reactions also showed significant (42.42%) alteration in the treated samples with respect to the control. Biotype numbers with species were substantially changed in Gr. IIA (53131052, Citrobacter freundii complex) on day 10 and in Gr. IIB, Study I (53111052; Citrobacter amalonaticus) on day 159 as compared to the control (77365776; Citrobacter braakii). Moreover, biotype numbers with species were substantially changed in Gr. IIB, Study II after retreatment on day 5 (53111042, Citrobacter amalonaticus) and (53131052; Citrobacter freundii complex) on day 10 and 15 as compared to the control. 16S rDNA analysis showed that the identified microbe as Citrobacter freundii (GenBank Accession Number: DQ517285) with 95% identity. The nearest homolog genus-species of C. braakii was found to be Citrobacter werkmanii (Accession No. AF025373). The results suggested that biofield treatment has a significant impact on C. braakii in lyophilized as well as revived state .  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Phenotyping and 16S rDNA Analysis after Biofield Treatment on Citrobacter braakii: A Urinary Pathogen  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2472-128X ISBN Medium  
  Area Microbiology Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42712  
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