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Author Cholakova, M.; Clarysse, B. doi  openurl
  Title Does the Possibility to Make Equity Investments in Crowdfunding Projects Crowd Out Reward-Based Investments? Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Abbreviated Journal Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice  
  Volume 39 Issue (up) 1 Pages 145-172  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Despite crowdfunding's increasing popularity as a vehicle for financing early-stage ventures, we still know relatively little about the mechanisms that drive individuals to pledge and invest via such online platforms. We explored the extent to which financial or nonfinancial motivations determine the decision to invest for equity or to pledge. In addition, we also looked at whether having invested for equity can crowd out individuals' motivation to keep a pledge into the same project. Our results show that nonfinancial motives play no significant role. Furthermore, we find that having invested for equity is a positive predictor of keeping a pledge.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1540-6520 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number ATM @ robstephens13 @ Serial 41792  
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Author Minshew, R.; D'Andrea, W. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Implicit and explicit memory in survivors of chronic interpersonal violence Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy Abbreviated Journal Psychol Trauma  
  Volume 7 Issue (up) 1 Pages 67-75  
  Keywords *Domestic Violence; Female; Humans; *Memory; Psychological Tests; Self Report; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology/therapy; Surveys and Questionnaires; Survivors/*psychology  
  Abstract We investigated the relationship of implicit and explicit memory to a range of symptoms in a sample of 27 women with exposure to chronic interpersonal violence (IPV). Participants viewed the first 3 letters (“stems”) of trauma-related, general threat, and neutral words; valenced words were matched with neutral words with the same stem. Free recall and a word-stem completion task were used to test explicit and implicit memory, respectively. Participants exhibited increased implicit memory for trauma-related words as compared with both general threat words and neutral “match” words. They also showed increased explicit memory for both general threat and trauma-related words. Finally, although neither implicit nor explicit memory was correlated with PTSD symptoms, implicit memory for trauma-related words was significantly correlated with symptoms associated with ongoing IPV. Interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, and alexithymia were significantly correlated with implicit, but not explicit, memory for trauma words. Somatization, dissociation, and alexithymia were negatively correlated with explicit, but not implicit, memory for general-threat words. These findings suggest that memory processes in survivors of IPV are closely related to the symptom profile associated with complex trauma. Exploring memory processes in survivors of IPV may lend unique insight into the development and maintenance of the symptom profile associated with IPV.  
  Address Department of Psychology  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1942-969X ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:25793595 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42189  
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Author Tursich, M.; Ros, T.; Frewen, P.A.; Kluetsch, R.C.; Calhoun, V.D.; Lanius, R.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Distinct intrinsic network connectivity patterns of post-traumatic stress disorder symptom clusters Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Abbreviated Journal Acta Psychiatr Scand  
  Volume 132 Issue (up) 1 Pages 29-38  
  Keywords adult survivors of child abuse; functional neuroimaging; multivariate analysis; post-traumatic stress disorders  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is considered a multidimensional disorder, with distinct symptom clusters including re-experiencing, avoidance/numbing, hyperarousal, and most recently depersonalization/derealization. However, the extent of differing intrinsic network connectivity underlying these symptoms has not been fully investigated. We therefore investigated the degree of association between resting connectivity of the salience (SN), default mode (DMN), and central executive (CEN) networks and PTSD symptom severity. METHOD: Using resting-state functional MRI data from PTSD participants (n = 21), we conducted multivariate analyses to test whether connectivity of extracted independent components varied as a function of re-experiencing, avoidance/numbing, hyperarousal, and depersonalization/derealization. RESULTS: Hyperarousal symptoms were associated with reduced connectivity of posterior insula/superior temporal gyrus within SN [peak Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI): -44, -8, 0, t = -4.2512, k = 40]. Depersonalization/derealization severity was associated with decreased connectivity of perigenual anterior cingulate/ventromedial prefrontal cortex within ventral anterior DMN (peak MNI: 8, 40, -4; t = -3.8501; k = 15) and altered synchrony between two DMN components and between DMN and CEN. CONCLUSION: Our results are consistent with prior research showing intrinsic network disruptions in PTSD and imply heterogeneous connectivity patterns underlying PTSD symptom dimensions. These findings suggest possible biomarkers for PTSD and its dissociative subtype.  
  Address Department of Neuroscience, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0001-690X ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:25572430 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42195  
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Author Nash, W.P.; Boasso, A.M.; Steenkamp, M.M.; Larson, J.L.; Lubin, R.E.; Litz, B.T. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Posttraumatic stress in deployed Marines: prospective trajectories of early adaptation Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Abnormal Psychology Abbreviated Journal J Abnorm Psychol  
  Volume 124 Issue (up) 1 Pages 155-171  
  Keywords  
  Abstract We examined the course of PTSD symptoms in a cohort of U.S. Marines (N = 867) recruited for the Marine Resiliency Study (MRS) from a single infantry battalion that deployed as a unit for 7 months to Afghanistan during the peak of conflict there. Data were collected via structured interviews and self-report questionnaires 1 month prior to deployment and again at 1, 5, and 8 months postdeployment. Second-order growth mixture modeling was used to disaggregate symptom trajectories; multinomial logistic regression and relative weights analysis were used to assess the role of combat exposure, prior life span trauma, social support, peritraumatic dissociation, and avoidant coping as predictors of trajectory membership. Three trajectories best fit the data: a low-stable symptom course (79%), a new-onset PTSD symptoms course (13%), and a preexisting PTSD symptoms course (8%). Comparison in a separate MRS cohort with lower levels of combat exposure yielded similar results, except for the absence of a new-onset trajectory. In the main cohort, the modal trajectory was a low-stable symptoms course that included a small but clinically meaningful increase in symptoms from predeployment to 1 month postdeployment. We found no trajectory of recovery from more severe symptoms in either cohort, suggesting that the relative change in symptoms from predeployment to 1 month postdeployment might provide the best indicator of first-year course. The best predictors of trajectory membership were peritraumatic dissociation and avoidant coping, suggesting that changes in cognition, perception, and behavior following trauma might be particularly useful indicators of first-year outcomes.  
  Address VA Boston Healthcare System  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0021-843X ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:25419860 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42197  
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Author Dorahy, M.J.; van der Hart, O. url  doi
openurl 
  Title DSM-5's posttraumatic stress disorder with dissociative symptoms: challenges and future directions Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Trauma & Dissociation : the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD) Abbreviated Journal J Trauma Dissociation  
  Volume 16 Issue (up) 1 Pages 7-28  
  Keywords *Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; Dissociative Disorders/*classification; Humans; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*classification; Terminology as Topic; dissociation; dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder; positive and negative dissociative symptoms; posttraumatic stress disorder  
  Abstract The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, formally recognizes a dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; PTSD with dissociative symptoms). This nomenclative move will boost empirical and theoretical efforts to further understand the links between dissociation, trauma, and PTSD. This article examines the empirical literature showing that patients with PTSD can be divided into 2 different groups based on their neurobiology, psychological symptom profile, history of exposure to early relational trauma, and depersonalization/derealization symptoms. It then explores the conceptual and empirical challenges of conceiving 1 of these types as reflecting a “dissociative” type of PTSD. First, this classification is based on the presence of a limited subset of dissociative symptoms (i.e., depersonalization, derealization). This sets aside an array of positive and negative psychoform and somatoform dissociative symptoms that may be related to PTSD. Second, empirical evidence suggests heightened dissociation in PTSD compared to many other disorders, indicating that dissociation is relevant to PTSD more broadly rather than simply to the so-called dissociative subtype. This article sets out important issues to be examined in the future study of dissociation in PTSD, which needs to be informed by solid conceptual understandings of dissociation.  
  Address a Department of Psychology , University of Canterbury , Christchurch , New Zealand  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1529-9732 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:24983300 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42200  
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Author Labiak, P. H.; Sundue, M. A.; Rouhan, G.; Moran, R. C. doi  openurl
  Title Rhopalotricha, a New Subgenus of the Fern Genus Lastreopsis (Dryopteridaceae) Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication American Fern Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 105 Issue (up) 1 Pages 20-30  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A new subgenus of Lastreopsis, subg. Rhopalotricha, is here described based on the results of our recent phylogenetic analyses. Its species differ from others in the genus by having a distinctive type of hair within the grooves of the rachises and costae adaxially. These are 1–3(–4)-celled and clavate, whereas the remainders of the species in the genus have hairs that are 3–12-celled and non-clavate. Subgenus Rhopalotricha also differs by having spores with broadly folded perispores with echinulate surfaces (vs. tuberculate or spiny, and with smooth surfaces). Subgenus Rhopalotricha occurs in the Neotropics, islands of the southwestern Pacific (Samoa, Fiji, and Vanuatu), New Zealand, and Australia. A key is provided to distinguish the species, each of which is treated with synonymy, description, geographic distribution by country, elevation ranges, and discussions. Lectotypes are also designated for Dryopteris amplissima var. subeffusa, Aspidium macrum Fée, and Aspidium latissimum Fée.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number NYBG @ sthackurdeen @ Serial 42430  
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Author Hennin, H.L.; Legagneux, P.; Bêty, J.; Williams, T.D.; Grant Gilchrist, H.; Baker, T.M.; Love, O.P. url  openurl
  Title Pre-breeding energetic management in a mixed-strategy breeder Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Oecologia  
  Volume 177 Issue (up) 1 Pages 235-243  
  Keywords Breeding threshold; Corticosterone; Energetic management; Energetic metabolites; Mixed-strategy breeder  
  Abstract Integrative biologists have long appreciated that the effective acquisition and management of energy prior to breeding should strongly influence fitness-related reproductive decisions (timing of breeding and reproductive investment). However, because of the difficulty in capturing pre-breeding individuals, and the tendency towards abandonment of reproduction after capture, we know little about the underlying mechanisms of these life-history decisions. Over 10 years, we captured free-living, arctic-breeding common eiders (Somateria mollissima) up to 3 weeks before investment in reproduction. We examined and characterized physiological parameters predicted to influence energetic management by sampling baseline plasma glucocorticoids (i.e., corticosterone), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), and vitellogenin (VTG) for their respective roles in mediating energetic balance, rate of condition gain (physiological fattening rate) and reproductive investment. Baseline corticosterone increased significantly from arrival to the initiation of reproductive investment (period of rapid follicular growth; RFG), and showed a positive relationship with body mass, indicating that this hormone may stimulate foraging behaviour to facilitate both fat deposition and investment in egg production. In support of this, we found that VLDL increased throughout the pre-breeding period, peaking as predicted during RFG. Female eiders exhibited unprecedentedly high levels of VTG well before their theoretical RFG period, a potential strategy for pre-emptively depositing available protein stores into follicles while females are simultaneously fattening. This study provides some of the first data examining the temporal dynamics and interaction of the energetic mechanisms thought to be at the heart of individual variation in reproductive decisions and success in many vertebrate species. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.  
  Address Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada  
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  Notes Cited By :1; Export Date: 17 March 2016 Approved no  
  Call Number McgGll @ elizabethburgess @ Serial 42531  
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Author Jazaieri, H.; Morrison, A.S.; Goldin, P.R.; Gross, J.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The role of emotion and emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Current Psychiatry Reports Abbreviated Journal Curr Psychiatry Rep  
  Volume 17 Issue (up) 1 Pages 531  
  Keywords Anxiety Disorders/*psychology/*therapy; Cognitive Therapy/methods; *Emotions; Humans; Internal-External Control; Mindfulness/methods; *Social Behavior  
  Abstract Many psychiatric disorders involve problematic patterns of emotional reactivity and regulation. In this review, we consider recent findings regarding emotion and emotion regulation in the context of social anxiety disorder (SAD). We first describe key features of SAD which suggest altered emotional and self-related processing difficulties. Next, we lay the conceptual foundation for a discussion of emotion and emotion regulation and present a common framework for understanding emotion regulation, the process model of emotion regulation. Using the process model, we evaluate the recent empirical literature spanning self-report, observational, behavioral, and physiological methods across five specific families of emotion regulation processes-situation selection, situation modification, attentional deployment, cognitive change, and response modulation. Next, we examine the empirical evidence behind two psychosocial interventions for SAD: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Throughout, we present suggestions for future directions in the continued examination of emotion and emotion regulation in SAD.  
  Address Department of Psychology, Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California, Berkeley, 4152 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720-1650, USA, hooria@berkeley.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1523-3812 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:25413637 Approved no  
  Call Number UC @ arin.basu @ Serial 42596  
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Author Karabi Biswas url  doi
openurl 
  Title Biological Agents of Bioremediation: A Concise Review Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology Abbreviated Journal FEM  
  Volume 2 Issue (up) 1 Pages 39-43  
  Keywords Bioremediation, Biological Organisms, Environmental Pollution  
  Abstract Due to intensive agriculture, rapid industrialization and anthropogenic activities have caused environmental pollution, land degradation and increased pressure on the natural resources and contributing to their adulteration. Bioremediation is the use of biological organisms to destroy, or reduce the hazardous wastes on a contaminated site. Bioremediation is the most potent management tool to control the environmental pollution and recover contaminated soil. Use of biological materials, coupled to other advanced processes is one of the most promising and inexpensive approaches for removing environmental pollutants. Bioremediation technology is a beneficial alternative which leads to degrade of pollutants. This article presents the important biological organisms used in bioremediation technologies.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2469-8067 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Gbl @ satyendra.sharmma @ Serial 42617  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Nayak, Gopal; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Patil, Shrikant; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effect of Biofield Treatment on Structural and Morphological Properties of Silicon Carbide Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Powder Metallurgy & Mining Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue (up) 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Silicon carbide; X-ray diffraction; FTIR; Particle size; Surface area  
  Abstract Silicon carbide (SiC) is a well-known ceramic due to its excellent spectral absorbance and thermo-mechanical properties. The wide band gap, high melting point and thermal conductivity of SiC is used in high temperature applications. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on physical, atomic, and structural characteristics of SiC powder. The control and biofield treated SiC powder was analysed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analyzer, surface area analyzer, and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy techniques with respect to control. The XRD pattern revealed that crystallite size was significantly increased by 40% in treated SiC as compared to control. The biofield treatment has induced changes in lattice parameter, density and molecular weight of atoms in the SiC powder. Particle size was increased upto 2.4% and the surface area was significantly reduced by 71.16% in treated SiC as compared to control. The FT-IR results indicated that the stretching vibrations frequency of silicon-carbon bond in treated SiC (925 cm-1) was shifted towards lower frequency as compared to control (947 cm-1). These findings suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the physical and structural properties of SiC powder.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Effect of Biofield Treatment on Structural and Morphological Properties of Silicon Carbide  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-9806 JPMM ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42638  
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