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Author Holterbach, L.; Baumann, C.; Andreani, B.; Desre, D.; Auxemery, Y. url  doi
openurl 
  Title [Correlation between specific and nonspecific posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms with healthcare consumption among 340 French soldiers] Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication L'Encephale Abbreviated Journal Encephale  
  Volume 41 Issue 5 Pages 444-453  
  Keywords Army; Armees; Consommation de soins; Detection; Depistage; Epidemiology; Healthcare consumption; Militaires; Pcls; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Psychopathologie; Psychopathology; Soldiers; Epidemiologie; Etat de stress post-traumatique  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: The psychotraumatic disorders are often difficult to diagnose because the specific symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (revival, hyperarousal, avoidance) are rarely a direct demand for health care: for reasons determined by the psychopathological structure of trauma, its symptomatology and course, the psychotraumatised subjects seek a care system for nonspecific psychological or somatoform symptoms: depressive episode, cognitive disorders, other anxiety disorders, histrionic and obsessive symptoms, changes in personality, pain disorders and somatization. Somatic pain may also result from a war injury and psychosomatic complications, addictive or consequences of risk behaviours during the evolution of posttraumatic stress disorder. OBJECTIVES: To establish a correlation between the PCLS and the evaluation of the healthcare consumption in a military population. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter epidemiological study analyzing the PCLS and a questionnaire assessing health care consumption. The PCLS has been studied in various forms: quantitative (17 to 85), in qualitative classes (<33, 33 to 43 and >/=44), and in five sub-dimensions (flashbacks, avoidance, dissociation, depression and hyperactivity). The sub-dimension revival was then studied item by item. The criteria used care consumption over the last twelve months is the numbers of days of sick leave, days of unavailability (of certain jobs or military activities) and consultations. RESULTS: Our population of 340 subjects cannot be considered representative of the French military population even if only a few characteristics differ. Sixteen of 340 subjects show a positive PCLS is 4.70% of our sample. PCLS average of 23 (+/-9.4) with a median of 19 objectifying much of PCLS have almost zero score. Validating our main hypothesis, we found a statistically significant relationship between elements of the PCLS and variables care consumption: this link exists mainly between the score, classes and sub-dimensions of the PCLS in one hand and number of days of sick leave and unavailability on the other hand. DISCUSSION: Towards a strategy for tracking psychotraumatic disorders, could be developed a score of health care consumption which would include the number of days of sick leave and unavailability, the number and quality of medical consultations, the number and quality of drug and laboratory requirements, the number of hospitalisations. To the identification of posttraumatic stress disorder, the PCLS score as well as the consumer healthcare score are valuable tools but do not replace the subjectivity of the clinical relationship: return to this shared subjectivity with the practitioner remains a diagnostic dimension, but also therapeutic, fundamental.  
  Address HIA Percy, 101, avenue Henri-Barbusse, BP 406, 92140 Clamart, France. Electronic address: yann.auxemery@hotmail.fr  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) French Summary Language Original Title Etat de stress post-traumatique et consommation de soins sur l'annee ecoulee : etude menee aupres de 340 militaires francais de cinq unites combattantes de l'armee de terre  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0013-7006 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26049671 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42181  
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Author Auxemery, Y. url  doi
openurl 
  Title [Clinical forms of post-traumatic depression] Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication L'Encephale Abbreviated Journal Encephale  
  Volume 41 Issue 4 Pages 346-354  
  Keywords Deuil post-traumatique; Deuil traumatique; Depression masquee; Depression post-traumatique; Depression traumatique; Post-concussive syndrome; Posttraumatic depression; Posttraumatic grief; Psychic trauma; Psychopathologie; Psychopathology; Psychopharmacologie; Psychopharmacology; Syndrome post-commotionnel; Traumatic depression; Traumatic grief; Traumatisme psychique  
  Abstract INTRODUCTION: As a result of determinants specific to the psychopathological structure of the psychological trauma, psycho-traumatised patients very rarely solicit the health care system directly with a request for treatment centred on their trauma. The medical profession is consulted for non-specific symptoms and complications, which are mainly somatoform, addictions and depressive disorders. After a few epidemiological reminders followed by a discussion concerning contemporary depressive and post-traumatic nosographic features, we define, through our clinical experience collated with the data in the literature, different clinical and etiopathogenic contexts of post-traumatic depression in order to control their therapeutic treatment. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Burnout post-traumatic depression in response to re-experiencing is the most common: it is a reactive psycho-physiological burnout in response to the emotional distress re-experienced during flashbacks, insomnia, a constant feeling of insecurity and the deleterious consequences of this symptomatology in terms of social adaptation. A common genetic predisposition affecting serotoninergic regulation seems to be a vulnerability marker of both depressive and psychotraumatic symptoms. In this case, SSRI will be effective on sadness. In addition, these antidepressants have been widely prescribed for the first-line treatment of depressive and psychotraumatic symptoms. However, this pharmacological class is often insufficient in relieving autonomic hyperactivity such as re-experiencing which are mediated more by noradrenergic hyperactivity. SNRI such as venlafaxine can be used as a first-line treatment. Post-traumatic depression with psychotic features congruent with mood is dominated by a feeling of incurability; the subject blames himself and feels guilty about the traumatic event and its consequences. Symptoms of denial of identity are sometimes observed: confined by an intense depersonalization, the psycho-traumatised subject evokes that he is “no longer himself” and that his mind “is disconnected”. Confronted with the psychological emptiness of the traumatic scene, the psycho-traumatised subject remains devoid of thought as if their mind has left him. In addition to antidepressant therapy, an atypical antipsychotic drug must be prescribed to relieve the melancholic symptoms as well as the concomitant psychotraumatic symptoms. Post-traumatic depression masked by peripheral physical injuries is the result of accidents combining psychological and physical impairment. The physical pain resulting from the accident regularly recalls the drama in the same way as traumatic re-experiencing. Depression masked by this somatic suffering is difficult to diagnose, but the repeated somatic complaints at the forefront of the request for treatment, the breakdown of self-esteem as well as the level of subjective strain due to pain and dysesthesia are all indications. The psychotherapy will focus on the symbolic reconstruction of the organs that have been damaged or destroyed, with the aim of healing the extensive narcissistic impairment. Post-concussive depression is diagnosed following a head trauma, however severe. It is sometimes assigned to neurological lesions and at other times recognised as the expression of a purely psychological reaction. Antidepressant therapy, or possibly trial therapy, is often indicated. The terms traumatic grief and post-traumatic grief are often used synonymously in publications: a conceptual opposition must however been recalled. If the traumatic grief is the result of the loss of an object that holds much psychological importance for the individual, the subject has not however been traumatised by this event and is not suffering and will not suffer from re-experiencing. The therapy will include methods used in the psychotherapeutic treatment of grief; antidepressants are often insufficient. Differently, post-traumatic grief takes shape when the loss of another is concomitant with the confrontation with the reality of the death witnessed in a moment of peri-traumatic dissociation. This grief is often observed following the discovery of the body of a close friend or family member who has committed suicide, or when part of a family has been decimated by an accident whilst the survivors watch their close relations die pending the arrival of the emergency services, or when a military comrade is wounded in combat in front of his partner. The mourning process cannot really begin until the flashbacks cease. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical depression or even melancholia, possibly masked by somatic or post-concussive complaints, is often the initial mode of contact with the health care system for the psycho-traumatised subject. The different clinical and etiopathogenic contexts of post-traumatic depression that we have developed in this work use specific therapies which need to be clarified by further research based on this nosography.  
  Address Service medical de psychologie clinique appliquee a l'aeronautique, hopital d'instruction des Armees Percy, 101, avenue Henri-Barbusse, BP406, 92141 Clamart, France. Electronic address: yann.auxemery@hotmail.fr  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) French Summary Language Original Title Formes cliniques des depressions post-traumatiques  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0013-7006 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:25238908 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42198  
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Author Gulbahar, O.; Konca Degertekin, C.; Akturk, M.; Yalcin, M.M.; Kalan, I.; Atikeler, G.F.; Altinova, A.E.; Yetkin, I.; Arslan, M.; Toruner, F. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Case With Immunoassay Interferences in the Measurement of Multiple Hormones Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Abbreviated Journal J Clin Endocrinol Metab  
  Volume 100 Issue 6 Pages 2147-2153  
  Keywords Adult; Antibodies, Heterophile/*blood; *Artifacts; Cross Reactions; *Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine/standards; False Positive Reactions; Female; Hormones/*analysis; Humans; Immunoassay/methods; Postpartum Period/blood/immunology  
  Abstract CONTEXT: Commonly used immunoassays are not free from interference, which can be a confounder in the interpretation of test results. We present a case with extremely high multiple hormone levels due to such interference. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 33-year-old woman with no specific symptoms had markedly elevated TSH with normal free T4 and free T3 levels. Repeated measurements revealed discordantly high TSH, ACTH, FSH, PTH, IGF-1, prolactin, beta-human chorionic gonadotropin, and calcitonin levels without the associated clinical pictures. The measurements were repeated with the same patient sample on four different analytical platforms using chemiluminescence immunoassays/electrochemiluminescence immunoassays, and the results were divergent on each platform. Serial dilutions of serum samples revealed nonlinearity, suggesting assay interference. All hormonal measurements were in the normal range when heterophile antibody blocking tubes were used. The serum of the patient was then subjected to polyethylene glycol precipitation. The post-polyethylene glycol recovery resulted in hormone levels in the normal range. The patient did not receive any medications and has been under follow-up without any signs and symptoms for 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: This report illustrates a rare case of falsely elevated hormone levels due to assay interference caused by heterophile antibodies. We point out the importance of a close collaboration between clinicians and the laboratory to avoid unnecessary clinical investigations as well as inappropriate treatments.  
  Address Departments of Biochemistry (O.G., G.F.A.) and Endocrinology and Metabolism (C.K.D., M.A., M.M.Y., I.K., A.E.A., I.Y., M.A., F.T.), Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, 06100 Ankara, Turkey  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0021-972X ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:25897621 Approved no  
  Call Number QEHB @ isla.wootton @ Serial 42160  
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Author Wolf, E.J.; Mitchell, K.S.; Sadeh, N.; Hein, C.; Fuhrman, I.; Pietrzak, R.H.; Miller, M.W. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The Dissociative Subtype of PTSD Scale: Initial Evaluation in a National Sample of Trauma-Exposed Veterans Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Assessment Abbreviated Journal Assessment  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Ptsd; dissociative subtype; latent profile analysis; psychometric  
  Abstract The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual includes a dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder, but no existing measures specifically assess it. This article describes the initial evaluation of a 15-item self-report measure of the subtype called the Dissociative Subtype of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale (DSPS) in an online survey of 697 trauma-exposed military veterans representative of the U.S. veteran population. Exploratory factor analyses of the lifetime DSPS items supported the intended structure of the measure consisting of three factors reflecting derealization/depersonalization, loss of awareness, and psychogenic amnesia. Consistent with prior research, latent profile analyses assigned 8.3% of the sample to a highly dissociative class distinguished by pronounced symptoms of derealization and depersonalization. Overall, results provide initial psychometric support for the lifetime DSPS scales; additional research in clinical and community samples is needed to further validate the measure.  
  Address National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1073-1911 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26603115 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42170  
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Author Ford, J.D.; Mendelsohn, M.; Opler, L.A.; Opler, M.G.A.; Kallivayalil, D.; Levitan, J.; Pratts, M.; Muenzenmaier, K.; Shelley, A.-M.; Grennan, M.S.; Lewis Herman, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The Symptoms of Trauma Scale (SOTS): An Initial Psychometric Study Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Psychiatric Practice Abbreviated Journal J Psychiatr Pract  
  Volume 21 Issue 6 Pages 474-483  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The Symptoms of Trauma Scale (SOTS) is a 12-item, interview-based, clinician-rated measure that assesses the severity of a range of trauma-related symptoms. This pilot study evaluated its use and psychometric properties in an outpatient setting that provides treatment to survivors of chronic interpersonal trauma. Thirty participants completed self-report measures of posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, dissociation, self-esteem, and affect dysregulation; the participants also participated separately in a semistructured interview based on the SOTS conducted by 2 trained interviewers. SOTS composite severity scores for DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (cPTSD), DSM-5 PTSD, and PTSD dissociative subtype, and total traumatic stress symptoms generally had acceptable internal consistency and interrater reliability. Evidence of convergent, discriminant, criterion, and construct validity was found for the SOTS composite PTSD scores, although potential limitations to validity that require further research and refinement of the measure were identified for the SOTS total and DSM-IV cPTSD scores and the hyperarousal, affect dysregulation, and dissociation items. Interviewers and interviewees described the interview as efficient, informative, and well tolerated. Implications for clinical practice and research to refine the SOTS are discussed.  
  Address FORD: Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT MENDELSOHN, KALLIVAYALIL, and HERMAN: Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge Health Alliance/Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA L.A. OPLER: Department of Psychology, Long Island University, Brooklyn, NY M.G.A. OPLER: ProPhase LLC, Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, and Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY LEVITAN: Synergy Psychological, Sierra Madre, CA PRATTS: St Joseph's Hospital Health Center, Syracuse, NY MUENZENMAIER: Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY SHELLEY: Bronx Psychiatric Center, Bronx, NY GRENNAN: ProPhase LLC, New York, NY  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1527-4160 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26554331 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42171  
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Author Hansen, M.; Hyland, P.; Armour, C.; Shevlin, M.; Elklit, A. url  openurl
  Title Less is more? Assessing the validity of the ICD-11 model of PTSD across multiple trauma samples Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication European Journal of Psychotraumatology Abbreviated Journal Eur J Psychotraumatol  
  Volume 6 Issue Pages 28766  
  Keywords Cfa; Dsm-5; Icd-11; Ptsd; latent structure  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: In the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the symptom profile of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was expanded to include 20 symptoms. An alternative model of PTSD is outlined in the proposed 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) that includes just six symptoms. OBJECTIVES AND METHOD: The objectives of the current study are: 1) to independently investigate the fit of the ICD-11 model of PTSD, and three DSM-5-based models of PTSD, across seven different trauma samples (N=3,746) using confirmatory factor analysis; 2) to assess the concurrent validity of the ICD-11 model of PTSD; and 3) to determine if there are significant differences in diagnostic rates between the ICD-11 guidelines and the DSM-5 criteria. RESULTS: The ICD-11 model of PTSD was found to provide excellent model fit in six of the seven trauma samples, and tests of factorial invariance showed that the model performs equally well for males and females. DSM-5 models provided poor fit of the data. Concurrent validity was established as the ICD-11 PTSD factors were all moderately to strongly correlated with scores of depression, anxiety, dissociation, and aggression. Levels of association were similar for ICD-11 and DSM-5 suggesting that explanatory power is not affected due to the limited number of items included in the ICD-11 model. Diagnostic rates were significantly lower according to ICD-11 guidelines compared to the DSM-5 criteria. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed factor structure of the ICD-11 model of PTSD appears valid across multiple trauma types, possesses good concurrent validity, and is more stringent in terms of diagnosis compared to the DSM-5 criteria.  
  Address Department of Psychology, National Centre for Psychotraumatology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M, Denmark  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2000-8066 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26450830 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42172  
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Author Thomson, P.; Jaque, S.V. url  openurl
  Title Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Psychopathology in Dancers Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Medical Problems of Performing Artists Abbreviated Journal Med Probl Perform Art  
  Volume 30 Issue 3 Pages 157-162  
  Keywords Adult; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dancing/*psychology; Depression/epidemiology/psychology; Female; Humans; Male; Mental Health/*statistics & numerical data; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Occupational Diseases/epidemiology/*psychology; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology/*psychology; Stress, Psychological/epidemiology/psychology; Young Adult  
  Abstract This study investigated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in pre-professional and professional dancers (n=209) who were exposed to traumatic events. Nine self-report instruments assessed (1) adverse childhood experiences, (2) past traumatic events, (3) coping strategies under stressful situations, and (4) fantasy proneness. The psychopathology variables included (5) anxiety, (6) depression, (7) dissociation, (8) shame, and (9)) PTSD diagnostic scale. Statistical calculations included descriptive, distributional, and multivariate analysis of covariates (MANCOVA). Results indicate that dancers had a significantly higher distribution of PTSD (20.2%) compared to the normal population (7.8%). They also had a higher frequency of family members with mental illness, an inability to speak about their trauma, and more suicidal thoughts. The PTSD group of dancers had higher levels of psychopathology (anxiety, depression, dissociation, and shame) and they had more childhood adversity and adult trauma. Compared to the no-PTSD group, the PTSD group had higher scores on fantasy proneness and emotion-oriented coping strategies. These coping strategies may increase psychological instability. Addressing early abuse and trauma is recommended. Clinicians may help dancers alter their internal working models that their self is worthless, others are abusive, and the world is threatening and dangerous. By understanding PTSD in dancers, medical and mental health treatment protocols may be established to address the debilitating, and often hidden, symptoms of PTSD.  
  Address Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91330, USA. Tel 818-677-7575, fax 818-677-3207. paula.thomson@csun.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0885-1158 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26395617 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42173  
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Author Frewen, P.; Hegadoren, K.; Coupland, N.J.; Rowe, B.H.; Neufeld, R.W.J.; Lanius, R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Trauma-Related Altered States of Consciousness (TRASC) and Functional Impairment I: Prospective Study in Acutely Traumatized Persons Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Trauma & Dissociation : the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD) Abbreviated Journal J Trauma Dissociation  
  Volume 16 Issue 5 Pages 500-519  
  Keywords 4-D model; childhood abuse and neglect; dissociation; posttraumatic stress disorder; trauma-related altered states of consciousness  
  Abstract A theoretical framework referred to as a 4-D model has been described for classifying posttraumatic stress symptoms into those potentially occurring within normal waking consciousness (NWC) versus those thought to intrinsically exemplify dissociative experiences, specifically, trauma-related altered states of consciousness (TRASC). As a further test of this theoretical distinction, this prospective study evaluated whether TRASC and NWC forms of distress incrementally and prospectively predicted functional impairment at 6 and 12 weeks following presentation at hospital emergency departments in the acute aftermath of traumatic events in 180 persons. Establishing the clinical significance of both TRASC and NWC-distress symptoms, we found that 6-week markers of TRASC and NWC-distress independently predicted 12-week self-reported levels of social and occupational impairment. We also observed broad support for various predictions of the 4-D model except that, in contrast with hypotheses, childhood trauma history was generally more strongly correlated with symptoms of NWC-distress than with TRASC. Future research directions are discussed.  
  Address f Department of Psychiatry and Graduate Program in Neuroscience , Western University , London , Ontario , Canada  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1529-9732 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26378486 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42174  
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Author Tzannidakis, N.C.A.; Frewen, P. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Trauma-Related Altered States of Consciousness (TRASC) and Functional Impairment II: Perceived Causal Relationships in an Online Sample Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Trauma & Dissociation : the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD) Abbreviated Journal J Trauma Dissociation  
  Volume 16 Issue 5 Pages 520-540  
  Keywords 4-D model; childhood abuse and neglect; dissociation; posttraumatic stress disorder; trauma-related altered states of consciousness  
  Abstract Research supports the existence of a dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder, although studies have not directly compared the perceived impact of dissociative versus nondissociative posttraumatic symptoms on social and occupational functioning. In addition, research is beginning to differentiate between posttraumatic distress associated with normal waking consciousness (NWC) and dissociative experiences of trauma-related altered states of consciousness (TRASC) along multiple phenomenological dimensions. The current study investigated perceived causal relationships between posttraumatic symptoms associated with NWC-distress and TRASC on the one hand and interpersonal and occupational functioning on the other. Although both TRASC and NWC-distress independently accounted for variance in self-reported interpersonal and occupational problems, perceived causal relationship results showed that individuals tended to attribute their social and work-related problems more strongly to NWC-distress than to TRASC. Future research directions are discussed.  
  Address b Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry and Graduate Program in Neuroscience , Western University , London , Ontario , Canada  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1529-9732 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26308190 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42175  
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Author Webermann, A.R.; Myrick, A.C.; Taylor, C.L.; Chasson, G.S.; Brand, B.L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Dissociative, depressive, and PTSD symptom severity as correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury and suicidality in dissociative disorder patients Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Trauma & Dissociation : the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD) Abbreviated Journal J Trauma Dissociation  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-14  
  Keywords Childhood abuse; dissociation; dissociative disorders; dissociative identity disorder; posttraumatic stress disorder; suicide  
  Abstract The present study investigates whether symptom severity can distinguish patients diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder and dissociative disorder not otherwise specified with a recent history of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts from those patients without recent self-harm. A total of 241 clinicians reported on recent history of patient NSSI and suicide attempts. Of these clinicians' patients, 221 completed dissociative, depressive, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology measures. Baseline cross-sectional data from a naturalistic and prospective study of dissociative disorder patients receiving community treatment were utilized. Analyses evaluated dissociative, depressive, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity as methods of classifying patients into NSSI and suicide attempt groupings. Results indicated that dissociation severity accurately classified patients into NSSI and suicidality groups, whereas depression severity accurately classified patients into NSSI groups. These findings point to dissociation and depression severity as important correlates of NSSI and suicidality in patients with dissociative disorders and have implications for self-harm prevention and treatment.  
  Address a Department of Psychology, Towson University , Towson , Maryland , USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (down) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1529-9732 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26211678 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42176  
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