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Author Ashalakshmi, N.C.; Nag, K.S.C.; Karanth, K.P. doi  openurl
  Title Molecules support morphology: species status of South Indian populations of the widely distributed Hanuman langur Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Conservation Genetics  
  Volume 16 Issue 1 Pages 43-58  
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  Abstract The taxonomy of the Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus spp.), a widely distributed Asian colobine monkey, has been in a flux for a long time due to much disagreement between various classification schemes. However, results from a recent field-based morphological study were consistent with Hill’s (Ceylon J Sci 21:277–305, 1939) species level classification scheme. Here we tested the validity of S. hypoleucos and S. priam, the two South Indian species recognized by Hill. To this end, one mitochondrial and four nuclear markers were sequenced from over 72 non-invasive samples of Hanuman langurs and S. johnii collected from across India. The molecular data were subjected to various tree building methods. The nuclear data was also used in a Bayesian structure analysis and to determine the genealogical sorting index of each hypothesized species. Results from nuclear data suggest that the South Indian population of Hanuman langur consists of two units that correspond to the species recognized by Hill. However in the mitochondrial tree S. johnii and S. priam were polyphyletic probably due to retention of ancestral polymorphism and/or low levels of hybridization. Implications of these results on conservation of Hanuman langurs are also discussed.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1572-9737 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42966  
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Author Borges, R.M. url  openurl
  Title How to be a fig wasp parasite on the fig–fig wasp mutualism Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Current Opinion in Insect Science  
  Volume 8 Issue Pages 34-40  
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  Abstract The nursery pollination mutualism between figs and pollinating fig wasps is based on adaptations that allow wasps to enter the enclosed inflorescences of figs, to facilitate seed set, and to have offspring that develop within the nursery and that leave to enter other inflorescences for pollination. This closed mutualistic system is not immune to parasitic fig wasps. Although the life histories and basic biology of the mutualists have been investigated, the biology of the fig wasp parasites has been severely neglected. This review brings together current knowledge of the many different ways in which parasites can enter the system, and also points to the serious lacunae in our understanding of the intricate interactions between gallers, kleptoparasites, seed eaters and parasitoids within this mutualism.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2214-5745 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42971  
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Author Dinesh, K.P.; Vijayakumar, S.P.; Channakeshavamurthy, B.H.; Torsekar, V.A.R.U.N.R.; Kulkarni, N.I.R.M.A.L.U.; Shanker, K.A.R.T.I.K. openurl 
  Title Erratum: KP DINESH, SP VIJAYAKUMAR, BH CHANNAKESHAVAMURTHY, VARUN R. TORSEKAR, NIRMAL U. KULKARNI & KARTIK SHANKER (2015) SYSTEMATIC STATUS OF FEJERVARYA (AMPHIBIA, ANURA, DICROGLOSSIDAE) FROM SOUTH AND SE ASIA WITH THE DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES FROM THE WESTERN GHATS OF PENINSULAR INDIA. Zootaxa, 3999 (1): 079-094 Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Zootaxa  
  Volume 4033 Issue 4 Pages 600  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1175-5334 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42980  
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Author Barley, A.J.; Datta-Roy, A.; Karanth, K.P.; Brown, R.M. doi  openurl
  Title Sun skink diversification across the Indian–Southeast Asian biogeographical interface Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal J. Biogeogr.  
  Volume 42 Issue 2 Pages 292-304  
  Keywords Biogeographical range evolution; divergence time; Eutropis; India; Philippines; phylogenetics; Sundaland  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1365-2699 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42981  
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Author Schmidt, A.K.D.; Balakrishnan, R. doi  openurl
  Title Ecology of acoustic signalling and the problem of masking interference in insects Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Journal of Comparative Physiology A  
  Volume 201 Issue 1 Pages 133-142  
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  Abstract The efficiency of long-distance acoustic signalling of insects in their natural habitat is constrained in several ways. Acoustic signals are not only subjected to changes imposed by the physical structure of the habitat such as attenuation and degradation but also to masking interference from co-occurring signals of other acoustically communicating species. Masking interference is likely to be a ubiquitous problem in multi-species assemblages, but successful communication in natural environments under noisy conditions suggests powerful strategies to deal with the detection and recognition of relevant signals. In this review we present recent work on the role of the habitat as a driving force in shaping insect signal structures. In the context of acoustic masking interference, we discuss the ecological niche concept and examine the role of acoustic resource partitioning in the temporal, spatial and spectral domains as sender strategies to counter masking. We then examine the efficacy of different receiver strategies: physiological mechanisms such as frequency tuning, spatial release from masking and gain control as useful strategies to counteract acoustic masking. We also review recent work on the effects of anthropogenic noise on insect acoustic communication and the importance of insect sounds as indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem health.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1432-1351 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42988  
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Author Chanam, J.; Kasinathan, S.; Pramanik, G.K.; Jagdeesh, A.; Joshi, K.A.; Borges, R.M. openurl 
  Title Foliar extrafloral nectar of Humboldtia brunonis (Fabaceae), a paleotropic ant–plant, is richer than phloem sap and more attractive than honeydew Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Biotropica  
  Volume 47 Issue 1 Pages 1-5  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1744-7429 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42992  
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Author Rajaraman, K.; Godthi, V.; Pratap, R.; Balakrishnan, R. url  openurl
  Title A novel acoustic-vibratory multimodal duet Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal J. Exp. Biol.  
  Volume 218 Issue 19 Pages 3042  
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  Abstract The communication strategy of most crickets and bushcrickets typically consists of males broadcasting loud acoustic calling songs, while females perform phonotaxis, moving towards the source of the call. Males of the pseudophylline bushcricket species Onomarchus uninotatus produce an unusually low-pitched call, and we found that the immediate and most robust response of females to the male acoustic call was a bodily vibration, or tremulation, following each syllable of the call. We hypothesized that these bodily oscillations might send out a vibrational signal along the substrate on which the female stands, which males could use to localize her position. We quantified these vibrational signals using a laser vibrometer and found a clear phase relationship of alternation between the chirps of the male acoustic call and the female vibrational response. This system therefore constitutes a novel multimodal duet with a reliable temporal structure. We also found that males could localize the source of vibration but only if both the acoustic and vibratory components of the duet were played back. This unique multimodal duetting system may have evolved in response to higher levels of bat predation on searching bushcricket females than calling males, shifting part of the risk associated with partner localization onto the male. This is the first known example of bushcricket female tremulation in response to a long-range male acoustic signal and the first known example of a multimodal duet among animals.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 43000  
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Author Mitra, A.; Palavalli Nettimi, R.; Ramachandran, A.; Saha, P.; Gadagkar, R. doi  openurl
  Title Males and females of the social wasp Ropalidia marginata do not differ in their cuticular hydrocarbon profiles and do not seem to use any long-distance volatile mate attraction cues Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Insectes Sociaux  
  Volume 62 Issue 3 Pages 281-289  
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  Abstract Sex pheromones are vital in communication between individuals belonging to opposite sexes and form an integral part of the reproductive biology of various species. Among insects, sexual dimorphism in CHCs has been reported from diverse taxa spanning seven different orders, and thereby CHCs have been implicated as sex pheromones. Because males and females of the primitively eusocial wasp Ropalidia marginata touch each other with their antennae during mating, before engaging in sperm transfer, a sex pheromone that is perceived via contact chemosensation through the antennae can possibly exist in this species. Since CHCs have been implied as sex pheromones in various insects (including hymenopterans), and since sexual dimorphism of CHCs should be an obligatory prerequisite for them to act as sex pheromones, we investigated whether males and females of R. marginata differ in their CHC profiles. We found only nonvolatile CHCs, and our results show absence of sexual dimorphism in CHCs, suggesting that CHCs do not function as sex pheromone in this species. A behavioral assay failed to show presence of mate attraction at a distance, thereby showing the absence of volatile long-distance mate attraction cues (that may originate from sources other than and in addition to CHCs).  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1420-9098 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 43004  
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Author Anderson-Teixeira, K.J.; Davies, S.J.; Bennett, A.C.; Gonzalez-Akre, E.B.; Muller-Landau, H.C.; Joseph Wright, S.; Abu Salim, K.; Almeyda Zambrano, A.M.; Alonso, A.; Baltzer, J.L.; Basset, Y.; Bourg, N.A.; Broadbent, E.N.; Brockelman, W.Y.; Bunyavejchewin, S.; Burslem, D.F.R.P.; Butt, N.; Cao, M.; Cardenas, D.; Chuyong, G.B.; Clay, K.; Cordell, S.; Dattaraja, H.S.; Deng, X.; Detto, M.; Du, X.; Duque, A.; Erikson, D.L.; Ewango, C.E.N.; Fischer, G.A.; Fletcher, C.; Foster, R.B.; Giardina, C.P.; Gilbert, G.S.; Gunatilleke, N.; Gunatilleke, S.; Hao, Z.; Hargrove, W.W.; Hart, T.B.; Hau, B.C.H.; He, F.; Hoffman, F.M.; Howe, R.W.; Hubbell, S.P.; Inman-Narahari, F.M.; Jansen, P.A.; Jiang, M.; Johnson, D.J.; Kanzaki, M.; Kassim, A.R.; Kenfack, D.; Kibet, S.; Kinnaird, M.F.; Korte, L.; Kral, K.; Kumar, J.; Larson, A.J.; Li, Y.; Li, X.; Liu, S.; Lum, S.K.Y.; Lutz, J.A.; Ma, K.; Maddalena, D.M.; Makana, J.-R.; Malhi, Y.; Marthews, T.; Mat Serudin, R.; McMahon, S.M.; McShea, W.J.; Memiaghe, H.R.; Mi, X.; Mizuno, T.; Morecroft, M.; Myers, J.A.; Novotny, V.; de Oliveira, A.A.; Ong, P.S.; Orwig, D.A.; Ostertag, R.; den Ouden, J.; Parker, G.G.; Phillips, R.P.; Sack, L.; Sainge, M.N.; Sang, W.; Sri-ngernyuang, K.; Sukumar, R.; Sun, I.-F.; Sungpalee, W.; Suresh, H.S.; Tan, S.; Thomas, S.C.; Thomas, D.W.; Thompson, J.; Turner, B.L.; Uriarte, M.; Valencia, R.; Vallejo, M.I.; Vicentini, A.; Vrška, T.; Wang, X.; Wang, X.; Weiblen, G.; Wolf, A.; Xu, H.; Yap, S.; Zimmerman, J. doi  openurl
  Title CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Global Change Biology  
  Volume 21 Issue 2 Pages 528-549  
  Keywords biodiversity; Center for Tropical Forest Science (CTFS); climate change; demography; forest dynamics plot; Forest Global Earth Observatory (ForestGEO); long-term monitoring; spatial analysis  
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  ISSN 1365-2486 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 43015  
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Author Guttal, V. openurl 
  Title Classroom: Discovering facts – Finding the Longest Day with School Children Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Resonance  
  Volume 20 Issue 3 Pages 254-259  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 43017  
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