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Author Sloan, G.C.; Groenewegen, M.; Srinivasan, S.; Lagadec, E.; Kraemer, K.E.; McDonald, I.; Boyer, M.L.; Zijlstra, A.; Kemper, C. openurl 
  Title Dust and metallicity in carbon stars Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 216.04-216.04  
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  Abstract The Infrared Spectrograph on the Spitzer Space Telescope observed over 200 carbon stars in nearby metal-poor dwarf galaxies. These spectra probe how the quantity and composition of dust produced by carbon stars depend on initial metallicity, initial mass, and pulsational properties. For stars to produce significant quantities of dust, they must be pulsating in the fundamental mode with strong amplitudes. The spectra confirm that carbon stars with longer pulsation periods produce more dust and that the amount of dust shows no strong dependence on metallicity. This sample includes more carbon stars with low mass and reveals that for a given pulsation period, higher-mass stars produce less dust. Evidence is building for the layering of dust grains, with SiC cores in grains produced by metal-rich carbon stars, and mantles of MgS around grains in all embedded stars.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts  
  Series Volume 225 Series Issue Edition  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes proceedings; Owner: ciska; Added to JabRef: 2015.04.16 Approved no  
  Call Number ASIAA @ ciska @ Serial 42063  
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Author Zhao-Geisler, R.; Köhler, R.; Kemper, F.; Kerschbaum, F.; Mayer, A.; Quirrenbach, A.; Lopez, B. openurl 
  Title Spectro-imaging of the asymmetric inner molecular and dust shell region of the Mira variable W Hya with MIDI/VLTI Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pub.~Astron.~Soc.~Pacific Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords my_papers  
  Abstract We have observed W Hya, one of the closest and best studied oxygen-rich evolved star, in the dust  
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  Notes submitted; Owner: ciska; Added to JabRef: 2015.04.15 Approved no  
  Call Number ASIAA @ ciska @ Serial 42091  
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Author Wolf, E.J.; Mitchell, K.S.; Sadeh, N.; Hein, C.; Fuhrman, I.; Pietrzak, R.H.; Miller, M.W. url  doi
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  Title The Dissociative Subtype of PTSD Scale: Initial Evaluation in a National Sample of Trauma-Exposed Veterans Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Assessment Abbreviated Journal Assessment  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Ptsd; dissociative subtype; latent profile analysis; psychometric  
  Abstract The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual includes a dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder, but no existing measures specifically assess it. This article describes the initial evaluation of a 15-item self-report measure of the subtype called the Dissociative Subtype of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale (DSPS) in an online survey of 697 trauma-exposed military veterans representative of the U.S. veteran population. Exploratory factor analyses of the lifetime DSPS items supported the intended structure of the measure consisting of three factors reflecting derealization/depersonalization, loss of awareness, and psychogenic amnesia. Consistent with prior research, latent profile analyses assigned 8.3% of the sample to a highly dissociative class distinguished by pronounced symptoms of derealization and depersonalization. Overall, results provide initial psychometric support for the lifetime DSPS scales; additional research in clinical and community samples is needed to further validate the measure.  
  Address National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1073-1911 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26603115 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42170  
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Author Ford, J.D.; Mendelsohn, M.; Opler, L.A.; Opler, M.G.A.; Kallivayalil, D.; Levitan, J.; Pratts, M.; Muenzenmaier, K.; Shelley, A.-M.; Grennan, M.S.; Lewis Herman, J. url  doi
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  Title The Symptoms of Trauma Scale (SOTS): An Initial Psychometric Study Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Psychiatric Practice Abbreviated Journal J Psychiatr Pract  
  Volume 21 Issue 6 Pages 474-483  
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  Abstract The Symptoms of Trauma Scale (SOTS) is a 12-item, interview-based, clinician-rated measure that assesses the severity of a range of trauma-related symptoms. This pilot study evaluated its use and psychometric properties in an outpatient setting that provides treatment to survivors of chronic interpersonal trauma. Thirty participants completed self-report measures of posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, dissociation, self-esteem, and affect dysregulation; the participants also participated separately in a semistructured interview based on the SOTS conducted by 2 trained interviewers. SOTS composite severity scores for DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (cPTSD), DSM-5 PTSD, and PTSD dissociative subtype, and total traumatic stress symptoms generally had acceptable internal consistency and interrater reliability. Evidence of convergent, discriminant, criterion, and construct validity was found for the SOTS composite PTSD scores, although potential limitations to validity that require further research and refinement of the measure were identified for the SOTS total and DSM-IV cPTSD scores and the hyperarousal, affect dysregulation, and dissociation items. Interviewers and interviewees described the interview as efficient, informative, and well tolerated. Implications for clinical practice and research to refine the SOTS are discussed.  
  Address FORD: Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT MENDELSOHN, KALLIVAYALIL, and HERMAN: Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge Health Alliance/Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA L.A. OPLER: Department of Psychology, Long Island University, Brooklyn, NY M.G.A. OPLER: ProPhase LLC, Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, and Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY LEVITAN: Synergy Psychological, Sierra Madre, CA PRATTS: St Joseph's Hospital Health Center, Syracuse, NY MUENZENMAIER: Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY SHELLEY: Bronx Psychiatric Center, Bronx, NY GRENNAN: ProPhase LLC, New York, NY  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1527-4160 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26554331 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42171  
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Author Hansen, M.; Hyland, P.; Armour, C.; Shevlin, M.; Elklit, A. url  openurl
  Title Less is more? Assessing the validity of the ICD-11 model of PTSD across multiple trauma samples Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication European Journal of Psychotraumatology Abbreviated Journal Eur J Psychotraumatol  
  Volume 6 Issue Pages 28766  
  Keywords Cfa; Dsm-5; Icd-11; Ptsd; latent structure  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: In the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the symptom profile of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was expanded to include 20 symptoms. An alternative model of PTSD is outlined in the proposed 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) that includes just six symptoms. OBJECTIVES AND METHOD: The objectives of the current study are: 1) to independently investigate the fit of the ICD-11 model of PTSD, and three DSM-5-based models of PTSD, across seven different trauma samples (N=3,746) using confirmatory factor analysis; 2) to assess the concurrent validity of the ICD-11 model of PTSD; and 3) to determine if there are significant differences in diagnostic rates between the ICD-11 guidelines and the DSM-5 criteria. RESULTS: The ICD-11 model of PTSD was found to provide excellent model fit in six of the seven trauma samples, and tests of factorial invariance showed that the model performs equally well for males and females. DSM-5 models provided poor fit of the data. Concurrent validity was established as the ICD-11 PTSD factors were all moderately to strongly correlated with scores of depression, anxiety, dissociation, and aggression. Levels of association were similar for ICD-11 and DSM-5 suggesting that explanatory power is not affected due to the limited number of items included in the ICD-11 model. Diagnostic rates were significantly lower according to ICD-11 guidelines compared to the DSM-5 criteria. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed factor structure of the ICD-11 model of PTSD appears valid across multiple trauma types, possesses good concurrent validity, and is more stringent in terms of diagnosis compared to the DSM-5 criteria.  
  Address Department of Psychology, National Centre for Psychotraumatology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M, Denmark  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2000-8066 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26450830 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42172  
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Author Thomson, P.; Jaque, S.V. url  openurl
  Title Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Psychopathology in Dancers Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Medical Problems of Performing Artists Abbreviated Journal Med Probl Perform Art  
  Volume 30 Issue 3 Pages 157-162  
  Keywords Adult; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dancing/*psychology; Depression/epidemiology/psychology; Female; Humans; Male; Mental Health/*statistics & numerical data; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Occupational Diseases/epidemiology/*psychology; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology/*psychology; Stress, Psychological/epidemiology/psychology; Young Adult  
  Abstract This study investigated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in pre-professional and professional dancers (n=209) who were exposed to traumatic events. Nine self-report instruments assessed (1) adverse childhood experiences, (2) past traumatic events, (3) coping strategies under stressful situations, and (4) fantasy proneness. The psychopathology variables included (5) anxiety, (6) depression, (7) dissociation, (8) shame, and (9)) PTSD diagnostic scale. Statistical calculations included descriptive, distributional, and multivariate analysis of covariates (MANCOVA). Results indicate that dancers had a significantly higher distribution of PTSD (20.2%) compared to the normal population (7.8%). They also had a higher frequency of family members with mental illness, an inability to speak about their trauma, and more suicidal thoughts. The PTSD group of dancers had higher levels of psychopathology (anxiety, depression, dissociation, and shame) and they had more childhood adversity and adult trauma. Compared to the no-PTSD group, the PTSD group had higher scores on fantasy proneness and emotion-oriented coping strategies. These coping strategies may increase psychological instability. Addressing early abuse and trauma is recommended. Clinicians may help dancers alter their internal working models that their self is worthless, others are abusive, and the world is threatening and dangerous. By understanding PTSD in dancers, medical and mental health treatment protocols may be established to address the debilitating, and often hidden, symptoms of PTSD.  
  Address Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91330, USA. Tel 818-677-7575, fax 818-677-3207. paula.thomson@csun.edu  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0885-1158 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26395617 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42173  
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