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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Patil, Shrikant; Mishra, Rakesh; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Thermal and Physical Properties of Biofield Treated Bile Salt and Proteose Peptone Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6 Issue 4 Pages  
  Keywords Bile salt; Proteose peptone; Particle size; Brunauer- Emmett-Teller analysis; X-ray diffraction; Differential scanning calorimetry; Thermogravimetric analysis  
  Abstract Bile salt (BS) and proteose peptone (PP) are important biomacromolecules being produced inside the human body. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physicochemical properties of BS and PP. The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The control and treated BS and PP samples were characterized by particle size analyzer (PSA), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). PSA results showed increase in particle size (d50 and d99) of both treated BS and PP as compared to control. Surface area analysis showed minimal decrease by 1.59%, in surface area of treated BS as compared to control. However, the treated PP showed increase (8%) in surface area as compared to control. DSC characterization showed increase in melting temperature of treated BS as compared to control. Whereas, DSC thermogram of treated PP showed decrease in melting temperature with respect to control. Moreover, the DSC of control and treated PP showed presence of exothermic peaks which were possibly due to protein aggregation. The treated PP showed higher exothermic transition temperature as compared to control. XRD analysis revealed slight reduction in crystalline nature of BS as compared to control. On the other hand, XRD data of control and treated PP showed an amorphous nature. TGA analysis of treated BS showed maximum thermal decomposition temperature at 22°C which was higher as compared to control sample (106°C). This could be due to biofield treatment which may enhance the thermal stability of treated BS with respect to control. However, the TGA thermogram of treated PP showed decrease in maximum thermal stability as compared to control. The overall results showed that biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and thermal properties of BS and PP.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Thermal and Physical Properties of Biofield Treated Bile Salt and Proteose Peptone  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2155-9872 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42642  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Structural Properties of Chromium (VI) Oxide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Powder Metallurgy & Mining Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Chromium (VI) oxide powder; X-Ray diffraction; Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy; TGA-DTA  
  Abstract Chromium (VI) oxide (CrO3) has gained extensive attention due to its versatile physical and chemical properties. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical, thermal and structural properties of CrO3 powder. In this study, CrO3 powder was divided into two parts i.e. control and treatment. Control part was remained as untreated and treated part received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Subsequently, control and treated CrO3 samples were characterized using Thermo gravimetric analysis-differential thermal analysis (TGA-DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). DTA showed that the melting point of treated CrO3 was increased upto 212.65°C (T3) as compared to 201.43°C in control. In addition, the latent heat of fusion was reduced upto 51.70% in treated CrO3 as compared to control. TGA showed the maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) around 330°C, was increased upto 340.12°C in treated CrO3 sample. XRD data revealed that lattice parameter and unit cell volume of treated CrO3 samples were reduced by 0.25 and 0.92% respectively, whereas density was increased by 0.93% in treated CrO3 sample as compared to control. The crystallite size of treated CrO3 was increased from 46.77 nm (control) to 60.13 nm after biofield treatment. FT-IR spectra showed the absorption peaks corresponding to Cr=O at 906 and 944 cm-1 in control, which were increased to 919 and 949 cm¬1 in treated CrO3 after biofield treatment. Overall, these results suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the physical, thermal and structural properties of CrO3 powder.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Structural Properties of Chromium (VI) Oxide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-9806 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42643  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Nayak, Gopal; Patil, Shrikant; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physical and Structural Properties of Brass Powder After Biofield Treatment Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Powder Metallurgy & Mining Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Brass; X-ray diffraction; Fourier transform infrared; Particle size; Scanning electron microscopy  
  Abstract Brass, a copper-zinc (Cu-Zn) alloy has gained extensive attention in industries due to its high corrosion resistance, machinability and strength to weight ratio. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of biofield treatment on structural and physical properties of brass powder. The brass powder sample was divided into two parts: control and treated. The treated part was subjected to Mr.Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated brass powder were characterized using particle size analyser, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The result showed that the average particle size, d50and d99 (size below which 99% particles were present) were reduced up to 44.3% and 56.4%, respectively as compared to control. XRD result revealed that the unit cell volume in treated brass powder was increased up to 0.19% as compared to control. Besides, the crystallite size of brass powder was significantly increased up to 100.5% as compared to control, after biofield treatment. Furthermore, SEM microscopy showed welded particles in control powder, however fractured surfaces were observed in treated sample. In FT-IR spectra, new peak at 685 cm-1 was observed after biofield treatment as compared to control that might be due to alteration in bonding properties in treated brass sample. These findings suggest that the biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and structural properties of brass powder.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physical and Structural Properties of Brass Powder After Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-9806 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42644  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Mishra, Rakesh Kumar; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Biofield Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modification of Physical and Thermal Properties of Indole Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Environmental Analytical Chemistry Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2 Issue 4 Pages  
  Keywords Indole; X-ray diffraction; Thermal analysis; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; UV-Vis spectroscopy  
  Abstract Indole compounds are important class of therapeutic molecules, which have excellent pharmaceutical applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical and thermal properties of indole. The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The control and treated samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. XRD study demonstrated the increase in crystalline nature of treated indole as compared to control. Additionally, the treated indole showed increase in crystallite size by 2.53% as compared to control. DSC analysis of treated indole (54.45ºC) showed no significant change in melting temperature (Tm) in comparison with control sample (54.76ºC). A significant increase in latent heat of fusion (ΔH) by 30.86% was observed in treated indole with respect to control. Derivative thermogravimetry (DTG) of treated indole showed elevation in maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) 166.49ºC as compared to control (163.37ºC). This was due to increase in thermal stability of indole after biofield treatment. FT-IR analysis of treated indole showed increase in frequency of N-H stretching vibrational peak by 6 cm-1 as compared to control sample. UV spectroscopy analysis showed no alteration in absorption wavelength (λmax) of treated indole with respect to control. The present study showed that biofield has substantially affected the physical and thermal nature of indole.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Biofield Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modification of Physical and Thermal Properties of Indole  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2380-2391 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42645  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Potential Impact of BioField Treatment on Atomic and Physical Characteristics of Magnesium Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Vitamins & Minerals Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Magnesium powder; X-ray diffraction; Fourier transform infrared; Particle size; Surface area  
  Abstract Magnesium (Mg), present in every cell of all living organisms, is an essential nutrient and primarily responsible for catalytic reaction of over 300 enzymes. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of biofield treatment on atomic and physical properties of magnesium powder. Magnesium powder was divided into two parts denoted as control and treatment. Control part was remained as untreated and treatment part received biofield treatment. Both control and treated magnesium samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area and particle size analyzer. XRD data showed that biofield treatment has altered the lattice parameter, unit cell volume, density, atomic weight, and nuclear charge per unit volume of treated magnesium powder, as compared to control. In addition, the crystallite size of treated magnesium was significantly reduced up to 16.70, 16.70, and 28.59% on day 7, 41 and 63 respectively as compared to control. Besides this, the surface area of treated magnesium powder was increased by 36.5 and 10.72% on day 6 and 72 respectively, whereas it was reduced by 32.77% on day 92 as compared to control. In addition, biofield treatment has also altered the particle sizes d10, d50, and d99 (size, below which 10, 50, and 99% particles were present, respectively) as compared to control. Overall, data suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the atomic and physical properties of treated magnesium powder.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Potential Impact of BioField Treatment on Atomic and Physical Characteristics of Magnesium  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2376-1318 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42646  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Patil, Shrikant; Shettigar, Harish; Bairwa, Khemraj; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofield Treated Metronidazole and Tinidazole Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Medicinal chemistry Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5 Issue 7 Pages  
  Keywords Metronidazole; Tinidazole; Biofield treatment; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Ultraviolet spectroscopy  
  Abstract Metronidazole and tinidazole are widely used antimicrobial drugs against Gram-negative and Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria. The present study was aimed to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on metronidazole and tinidazole using FT-IR and UV spectroscopy. The study was carried out in two groups i.e. control and treatment. Treatment groups were subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment while no treatment was given to control group. FT-IR spectrum of treated metronidazole showed the impact of biofield treatment on frequency of characteristic functional groups such as C=C (imidazole ring) stretching was appeared at lower frequency i.e. from 1600 cm-1 to 1553 cm-1. Likewise, NO2 asymmetric stretching and C-N symmetric stretching were appeared at higher wave number i.e. 1479 cm-1 to 1501 cm-1 and 1070 cm-1 to 1077 cm-1, respectively. FT-IR spectrum of tinidazole showed shifting in absorption peak of C-N stretching to higher wavenumber from 1002 cm-1 (control) to 1022 cm-1. The wavenumber of aromatic C=C bond (in imidazole) was shifted to lower frequency, which could be due to increases in conjugation effect. Further, increases in wavenumber of NO2 and C-N in treated sample suggested the increased force constant and bond strength as compared to control. Because of higher conjugation effect and increased bond strength, the molecule supposed to be more stable. The UV spectra of both metronidazole and tinidazole showed the similar patterns of lambda max (λmax) with respect to their control. The FT-IR results of both drugs suggest that there was an impact of biofield treatment on atomic level of metronidazole and tinidazole, as compared to control.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofield Treated Metronidazole and Tinidazole  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2161-0444 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42647  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Patil, Shrikant; Mishra, Rakesh; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Structural and Physical Properties of Biofield Treated Thymol and Menthol Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Molecular Pharmaceutics & Organic Process Research Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3 Issue 2 Pages  
  Keywords Thymol; Menthol; Biofield treatment; XRD; DSC; TGA; FT-IR  
  Abstract Thymol and menthol are naturally occurring plant derived compounds, which have excellent pharmaceutical and antimicrobial applications. The aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy on physical and structural characteristics of thymol and menthol. The control and biofield treated compounds (thymol and menthol) were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). XRD study revealed increase in intensity of the XRD peaks of treated thymol, which was correlated to high crystallinity of the treated sample. The treated thymol showed significant increase in crystallite size by 50.01% as compared to control. However, the treated menthol did not show any significant change in crystallite size as compared to control. DSC of treated menthol showed minimal increase in melting temperature (45ºC) as compared to control (44ºC). The enthalpy (ΔH) of both the treated compounds (thymol and menthol) was decreased as compared to control samples which could be due the high energy state of the powders. TGA analysis showed that thermal stability of treated thymol was increased as compared to control; though no change in thermal stability was noticed in treated menthol. FT-IR spectrum of treated thymol showed increase in wave number of –OH stretching vibration peak (14 cm-1) as compared to control. Whereas, the FT-IR spectrum of treated menthol showed appearance of new stretching vibration peaks in the region of 3200-3600 cm-1 which may be attributed to the presence of hydrogen bonding in the sample as compared to control. Overall, the result showed that biofield treatment has substantially changed the structural and physical properties of thymol and menthol.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Structural and Physical Properties of Biofield Treated Thymol and Menthol  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2329-9053 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42648  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Latiyal, Omprakash; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characterization of Physical and Structural Properties of Aluminium Carbide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Aluminium carbide powder; X-ray diffraction; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Surface area  
  Abstract Aluminium carbide (Al4C3) has gained extensive attention due to its abrasive and creep resistance properties. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical and structural properties of Al4C3 powder. The Al4C3 powder was divided into two parts i.e. control and treated. Control part was remained as untreated and treated part received biofield treatment. Subsequently, control and treated Al4C3 samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analyser and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). XRD data revealed that lattice parameter and unit cell volume of treated Al4C3 samples were increased by 0.33 and 0.66% respectively, as compared to control. The density of treated Al4C3 samples was reduced upto 0.65% as compared to control. In addition, the molecular weight and crystallite size of treated Al4C3 samples were increased upto 0.66 and 249.53% respectively as compared to control. Furthermore, surface area of treated Al4C3 sample was increased by 5% as compared to control. The FT-IR spectra revealed no significant change in absorption peaks of treated Al4C3 samples as compared to control. Thus, XRD and surface area results suggest that biofield treatment has substantially altered the physical and structural properties of treated Al4C3 powder.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Characterization of Physical and Structural Properties of Aluminium Carbide Powder: Impact of Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-9792 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42649  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Branton, Alice; Trivedi, Dahryn; Nayak, Gopal; Bairwa, Khemraj; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Fourier Transform Infrared and Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopic Characterization of Ammonium Acetate and Ammonium Chloride: An Impact of Biofield Treatment Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Modern Chemistry & Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords Ammonium acetate; Ammonium chloride; Biofield treatment; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Ultraviolet spectroscopy  
  Abstract Ammonium acetate and ammonium chloride are the white crystalline solid inorganic compounds having wide application in synthesis and analytical chemistry. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on spectral properties of inorganic salt like ammonium acetate and ammonium chloride. The study was performed in two groups of each compound i.e., control and treatment. Treatment groups were received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Subsequently, control and treated groups were evaluated using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) and Ultraviolet-Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. FT-IR spectrum of treated ammonium acetate showed the shifting in wavenumber of vibrational peaks with respect to control. Like, the N-H stretching was shifted from 3024-3586 cm-1 to 3033-3606 cm-1, C-H stretching from 2826-2893 cm-1 to 2817-2881 cm-1, C=O asymmetrical stretching from 1660-1702 cm-1 to 1680-1714 cm-1, N-H bending from 1533-1563 cm-1 to 1506-1556 cm-1 etc. Treated ammonium chloride showed the shifting in IR frequency of three distinct oscillation modes in NH4 ion i.e., at ν1, 3010 cm-1 to 3029 cm-1; ν2, 1724 cm-1 to 1741 cm-1; and ν3, 3156 cm-1 to 3124 cm-1. The N-Cl stretching was also shifted to downstream region i.e., from 710 cm-1 to 665 cm-1 in treated ammonium chloride. UV spectrum of treated ammonium acetate showed the absorbance maxima (λmax) at 258.0 nm that was shifted to 221.4 nm in treated sample. UV spectrum of control ammonium chloride exhibited two absorbance maxima (λmax) i.e., at 234.6 and 292.6 nm, which were shifted to 224.1 and 302.8 nm, respectively in treated sample.

Overall, FT-IR and UV data of both compounds suggest an impact of biofield treatment on atomic level i.e., at force constant, bond strength, dipole moments and electron transition energy between two orbitals of treated compounds as compared to respective control.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Fourier Transform Infrared and Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopic Characterization of Ammonium Acetate and Ammonium Chloride: An Impact of Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2329-6798 ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42650  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Patil, Shrikant; Shettigar, Harish; Mondal, Sambhu Charan; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title An Impact of Biofield Treatment: Antimycobacterial Susceptibility Potential Using BACTEC 460/MGIT-TB System Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Mycobacterial Diseases Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5 Issue 4 Pages  
  Keywords Antimycobacterial susceptibility; Biofield treatment; MDR-TB; XDR-TB; BACTEC 460/MGIT-TB; MIC  
  Abstract The aim was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment modality on mycobacterial strains in relation to antimycobacterials susceptibility. Mycobacterial sensitivity was analysed using 12 B BACTEC vials on the BACTEC 460 TB machine in 39 lab isolates (sputum samples) from stored stock cultures. Two American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) strains were also used to assess the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of antimicrobials (Mycobacterium smegmatis 14468 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis 25177). Rifampicin, ethambutol and streptomycin in treated samples showed increased susceptibility as 3.33%, 3.33% and 400.6%, respectively, as compared to control in extensive drug resistance (XDR) strains. Pyrazinamide showed 300% susceptibility as compared to control in multidrug resistance (MDR) strains. Isoniazide did not show any improvement of susceptibility pattern against treated either in XDR or MDR strains of Mycobacterium as compared to control. Besides susceptibility, the resistance pattern of treated group was reduced in case of isoniazide (26.7%), rifampicin (27.6%), pyrazinamide (31.4%), ethambutol (33.43%) and streptomycin (41.3%) as compared to the untreated group of XDR strains. The MIC values of few antimicrobials were also altered in the treated group of Mycobacterium smegmatis. There was a significant reduction observed in MIC values of linezolid (8.0 to 2.0 μg/ml) and tobramycin (2.0 to 1.0 μg/ml); however, very slight changes occurred in the remaining antimicrobials of treated samples. There was no change of MIC values in the strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis after biofield treatment. Biofield treatment effect on Mycobacterium against anti-tubercular drugs might be due to altered ligand-receptor/protein interactions at either enzymatic and/or genetic level with respect to anti-mycobacterium susceptibility and MIC values of antimicrobials.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title An Impact of Biofield Treatment: Antimycobacterial Susceptibility Potential Using BACTEC 460/MGIT-TB System  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2161-1068 ISBN Medium  
  Area Microbiology Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42651  
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