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Author Steenweg, R.J.; Hennin, H.L.; Bêty, J.; Gilchrist, H.G.; Williams, T.D.; Crossin, G.T.; Love, O.P. url  openurl
  Title Sources of diel variation in energetic physiology in an Arctic-breeding, diving seaduck Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal General and Comparative Endocrinology  
  Volume 216 Issue Pages 39-45  
  Keywords Arctic; Corticosterone; Diel rhythm; Energetic physiology; Sea duck; Triglyceride  
  Abstract Diel variation in baseline glucocorticoid (GC) secretion influences energetics and foraging behaviors. In temperate breeding, diurnal vertebrates, studies have shown that daily patterns of baseline GC secretion are influenced by environmental photoperiod, with baseline GCs peaking prior to sunrise to stimulate waking and foraging behaviors. Measures of physiological energy acquisition are also expected to peak in response to foraging activity, but their relationship to GC levels have not been well studied. In contrast to temperate breeding species, virtually nothing is known about diel GC and energetic metabolite secretion in Arctic breeding species, which experience almost constant photoperiods in spring and summer. Using a ten-year dataset, we examined the daily, 24-h pattern of baseline corticosterone (CORT) and triglyceride (TRIG) secretion in approximately 800 female pre-breeding Arctic-nesting common eiders (. Somateria mollissima). We related these traits to environmental photoperiod and to tidal cycle. In contrast to temperate breeding species, we found that that neither time of day nor tidal trend predicted diel variation in CORT or TRIG secretion in Arctic-breeding eiders. Given the narrow window of opportunity for breeding in polar regions, we suggest that eiders must decouple their daily foraging activity from light and tidal cycles if they are to accrue sufficient energy for successful breeding. As CORT is known to influence foraging behavior, the absence of a distinct diel pattern of CORT secretion may therefore be an adaptation to optimize reproductive investment and likelihood for success in some polar-breeding species. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.  
  Address Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada  
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  Notes Export Date: 17 March 2016 Approved no  
  Call Number McgGll @ elizabethburgess @ Serial 42530  
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Author Hennin, H.L.; Legagneux, P.; Bêty, J.; Williams, T.D.; Grant Gilchrist, H.; Baker, T.M.; Love, O.P. url  openurl
  Title Pre-breeding energetic management in a mixed-strategy breeder Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Oecologia  
  Volume 177 Issue 1 Pages 235-243  
  Keywords Breeding threshold; Corticosterone; Energetic management; Energetic metabolites; Mixed-strategy breeder  
  Abstract Integrative biologists have long appreciated that the effective acquisition and management of energy prior to breeding should strongly influence fitness-related reproductive decisions (timing of breeding and reproductive investment). However, because of the difficulty in capturing pre-breeding individuals, and the tendency towards abandonment of reproduction after capture, we know little about the underlying mechanisms of these life-history decisions. Over 10 years, we captured free-living, arctic-breeding common eiders (Somateria mollissima) up to 3 weeks before investment in reproduction. We examined and characterized physiological parameters predicted to influence energetic management by sampling baseline plasma glucocorticoids (i.e., corticosterone), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), and vitellogenin (VTG) for their respective roles in mediating energetic balance, rate of condition gain (physiological fattening rate) and reproductive investment. Baseline corticosterone increased significantly from arrival to the initiation of reproductive investment (period of rapid follicular growth; RFG), and showed a positive relationship with body mass, indicating that this hormone may stimulate foraging behaviour to facilitate both fat deposition and investment in egg production. In support of this, we found that VLDL increased throughout the pre-breeding period, peaking as predicted during RFG. Female eiders exhibited unprecedentedly high levels of VTG well before their theoretical RFG period, a potential strategy for pre-emptively depositing available protein stores into follicles while females are simultaneously fattening. This study provides some of the first data examining the temporal dynamics and interaction of the energetic mechanisms thought to be at the heart of individual variation in reproductive decisions and success in many vertebrate species. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.  
  Address Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada  
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  Notes Cited By :1; Export Date: 17 March 2016 Approved no  
  Call Number McgGll @ elizabethburgess @ Serial 42531  
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Author Émond, K.; Sainte-Marie, B.; Galbraith, P.S.; Bêty, J. url  openurl
  Title Top-down vs. bottom-up drivers of recruitment in a key marine invertebrate: Investigating early life stages of snow crab Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal ICES Journal of Marine Science  
  Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 1336-1348  
  Keywords cannibalism; climate; groundfish predation; larval production; population dynamics; recruitment; snow crab  
  Abstract Many snow crab fisheries have fluctuated widely over time in a quasi-cyclic way due to highly variable recruitment. The causes of this variability are still debated. Bottom-up processes related to climate variability may strongly affect growth and survival during early life, whereas top-down predator effects may be a major source of juvenile mortality. Moreover, intrinsic density-dependent processes, which have received much less attention, are hypothetically responsible for the cycles in recruitment. This study explored how climate, larval production, intercohort cannibalism and groundfish predation may have affected recruitment of early juvenile snow crab in the northwest Gulf of St Lawrence (eastern Canada) over a period of 23 years. Abundance of early juvenile snow crabs (2.5-22.9 mm in carapace width), representing the first 3 years of benthic life, came from an annual trawl survey and was used to determine cohort strength. Analyses revealed a cyclic pattern in abundance of 0+ crabs that may arise from cohort resonant effects. This pattern consisted of three recruitment pulses but was reduced to two pulses by age 2+, while the interannual variability of cohort strength was dampened. This reconfiguration of the earliest recruitment pattern was dictated primarily by bottom water temperature and cannibalism, which progressively overruled the pre-settlement factors of larval production and surface water temperature that best explained abundance of 0+ crabs. The results strongly suggest that bottom-up and density-dependent processes prevail over top-down control in setting the long-term trends and higher-frequency oscillations of snow crab early recruitment patterns. © 2015 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 2015. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.  
  Address Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Maurice Lamontagne Institute, 850 Route de la Mer, Mont-Joli, QC, Canada  
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  Notes Export Date: 17 March 2016 Approved no  
  Call Number McgGll @ elizabethburgess @ Serial 42532  
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Author Mennin, D.S.; Fresco, D.M.; Ritter, M.; Heimberg, R.G. url  doi
openurl 
  Title An Open Trial Of Emotion Regulation Therapy For Generalized Anxiety Disorder And Cooccurring Depression Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Depression and Anxiety Abbreviated Journal Depress Anxiety  
  Volume 32 Issue 8 Pages 614-623  
  Keywords Adult; Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology/*therapy; Cognitive Therapy/*methods; Comorbidity; Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology/*therapy; Emotions/*physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute; Treatment Outcome; anxiety/anxiety disorders; behavior therapy; clinical trials; depression; emotion regulation; generalized anxiety disorder; mindfulness/meditation; treatment  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Although CBT is efficacious for a wide variety of psychiatric conditions, relatively fewer GAD patients achieve high endstate functioning as compared to patients receiving CBTs for other disorders. Moreover, GAD trials that utilized patient samples without prominent depression have tended to report that effect sizes for depressive outcomes were small or diminished to pretreatment levels in the follow-up period. Emotion regulation therapy (ERT) integrates principles from traditional and contemporary cognitive behavioral treatments with basic and translational findings from affect science to offer a blueprint for improving intervention by focusing on motivational, regulatory, and contextual learning mechanisms. METHOD: The purpose of this investigation was to provide initial support for the efficacy of ERT in an open trial of patients with GAD and cooccurring depressive symptoms. Twenty-one patients received a 20-session version of ERT delivered in weekly individual sessions. Standardized clinician ratings and self-report measures were assessed at pre-, mid-, and posttreatment as well as at three- and nine-month follow-ups. Intent-to-treat analyzes were utilized. RESULTS: GAD patients, half with comorbid major depression, evidenced statistically, and clinically meaningful improvements in symptom severity, impairment, quality of life, and in model-related outcomes including emotional/motivational intensity, mindful attending/acceptance, decentering, and cognitive reappraisal. Patients maintained gains across the three and nine month follow-up periods. CONCLUSIONS: These findings, although preliminary, provide additional evidence for the role of emotion dysregulation in the onset, maintenance, and now treatment of conditions such as GAD and cooccurring depressive symptoms.  
  Address Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1091-4269 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes PMID:25945946 Approved no  
  Call Number UC @ arin.basu @ Serial 42595  
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Author Jazaieri, H.; Morrison, A.S.; Goldin, P.R.; Gross, J.J. url  doi
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  Title The role of emotion and emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Current Psychiatry Reports Abbreviated Journal Curr Psychiatry Rep  
  Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 531  
  Keywords Anxiety Disorders/*psychology/*therapy; Cognitive Therapy/methods; *Emotions; Humans; Internal-External Control; Mindfulness/methods; *Social Behavior  
  Abstract Many psychiatric disorders involve problematic patterns of emotional reactivity and regulation. In this review, we consider recent findings regarding emotion and emotion regulation in the context of social anxiety disorder (SAD). We first describe key features of SAD which suggest altered emotional and self-related processing difficulties. Next, we lay the conceptual foundation for a discussion of emotion and emotion regulation and present a common framework for understanding emotion regulation, the process model of emotion regulation. Using the process model, we evaluate the recent empirical literature spanning self-report, observational, behavioral, and physiological methods across five specific families of emotion regulation processes-situation selection, situation modification, attentional deployment, cognitive change, and response modulation. Next, we examine the empirical evidence behind two psychosocial interventions for SAD: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Throughout, we present suggestions for future directions in the continued examination of emotion and emotion regulation in SAD.  
  Address Department of Psychology, Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California, Berkeley, 4152 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720-1650, USA, hooria@berkeley.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1523-3812 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:25413637 Approved no  
  Call Number UC @ arin.basu @ Serial 42596  
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Author Karabi Biswas url  doi
openurl 
  Title Biological Agents of Bioremediation: A Concise Review Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology Abbreviated Journal FEM  
  Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 39-43  
  Keywords Bioremediation, Biological Organisms, Environmental Pollution  
  Abstract Due to intensive agriculture, rapid industrialization and anthropogenic activities have caused environmental pollution, land degradation and increased pressure on the natural resources and contributing to their adulteration. Bioremediation is the use of biological organisms to destroy, or reduce the hazardous wastes on a contaminated site. Bioremediation is the most potent management tool to control the environmental pollution and recover contaminated soil. Use of biological materials, coupled to other advanced processes is one of the most promising and inexpensive approaches for removing environmental pollutants. Bioremediation technology is a beneficial alternative which leads to degrade of pollutants. This article presents the important biological organisms used in bioremediation technologies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2469-8067 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Gbl @ satyendra.sharmma @ Serial 42617  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Nayak, Gopal; Patil, Shrikant; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Latiyal, Omprakash url  doi
openurl 
  Title Studies of the Atomic and Crystalline Characteristics of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders after Biofield Treatment Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Industrial Engineering & Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords atomic characteristics of nano iron oxide; Iron oxide; Copper oxide; Zinc oxide; X-ray diffraction; FT-IR  
  Abstract Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have been known for their extraordinary electrical and magnetic properties. In the present study, some transition metal oxides (Zinc oxide, iron oxide and copper oxide) which are widely used in the fabrication of electronic devices were selected and subjected to biofield treatment. The atomic and crystal structures of TMOs were carefully studied by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. XRD analysis reveals that biofield treatment significantly changed the lattice strain in unit cells, crystallite sizes and densities in ceramics oxide powders. The computed molecular weight of the treated samples exhibited significant variation. FT-IR spectra indicated that biofield treatment has altered the metal-oxygen bond strength. Since biofield treatment significantly altered the crystallite size, lattice strain and bond strength, we postulate that electrical and magnetic properties in TMOs (transition metal oxides) can be modulated by biofield treatment.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Studies of the Atomic and Crystalline Characteristics of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders after Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2169-0316 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42618  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Nayak, Gopal; Patil, Shrikant; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Latiyal, Omprakash url  doi
openurl 
  Title Impact of Biofield Treatment on Physical, Structural and Spectral Properties of Antimony Sulfide Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Industrial Engineering & Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Antimony sulfide; X-ray diffraction; FT-IR; Particle size; Surface area; Scanning electron microscopy  
  Abstract Antimony sulfide (Sb2S3) has gained extensive attention in solar cells due to their potential as a low-cost and earth abundant absorber material. In solar cell absorber, the optoelectrical properties such as energy band gap and absorption coefficient of Sb2S3play an important role, which have strong relationships with their crystal structure, lattice parameter and crystallite size.

Hence in the present investigation, Sb2S3 powder samples were exposed to biofield treatment, and further its physical, structural and spectral properties are investigated. The particle size analysis showed larger particle size and surface area after treatment. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed polycrystalline orthorhombic structure with superior crystallinity in treated Sb2S3along with significant changes in the lattice parameters, which led to changes in unit cell volume and density. XRD data analysis indicates that crystallite size was increased by around 150% in treated sample. In FT-IR spectra, strong absorption band was observed at 400-700cm-1, which confirms the presence of Sb2S3. Further, the absorption peak intensity in IR spectra was significantly reduced after treatment that was probably due to change in metal sulphur dipolar interaction.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Impact of Biofield Treatment on Physical, Structural and Spectral Properties of Antimony Sulfide  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2169-0316 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42621  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Nayak, Gopal; Patil, Shrikant; Tallapragada, Rama Mohan; Latiyal, Omprakash url  doi
openurl 
  Title Impact of Biofield Treatment on Atomic and Structural Characteristics of Barium Titanate Powder Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Industrial Engineering & Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords Biofield treatment; Barium titanate; Fourier transform infrared; X-Ray diffraction; Electron spin resonance  
  Abstract Barium titanate, perovskite structure is known for its high dielectric constant and piezoelectric properties, which makes it interesting material for fabricating capacitors, transducer, actuator, and sensors. The perovskite crystal structure and lattice vibrations play a crucial role in its piezoelectric and ferroelectric behavior. In the present study, the barium titanate powder was subjected to biofield treatment. Further, the control and treated samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR) and Electron spin resonance (ESR).The XRD analysis showed the permanent compressive strain of 0.45% in treated barium titanate powder as compared to control. Furthermore, the biofield treatment had enhanced the density upto 1.38% in barium titanate as compared to control. The FT-IR spectra showed that the stretching and bending vibrations of Ti-O bond in treated BaTiO3 were shifted towards lower frequency as compared to control. The bond length was substantially increased by 0.72 % in treated BaTiO3 as compared to control. The ESR spectra of control and treated BaTiO3sample showed the g-factor of 2.0;and biofield treatment has substantially changed the width and height of ESR signal in treated BaTiO3 as compared to control. These observations revealed that biofield treatment has significantly altered the crystal structure, lattice strain,and bond vibration of barium titanate.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Impact of Biofield Treatment on Atomic and Structural Characteristics of Barium Titanate Powder  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2169-0316 ISBN Medium  
  Area Materials Science Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42624  
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Author Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Patil, Shrikant; Shettigar, Harish; Bairwa, Khemraj; Jana, Snehasis url  doi
openurl 
  Title Spectroscopic Characterization of Chloramphenicol and Tetracycline: An Impact of Biofield Treatment Type (up) Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6 Issue 7 Pages  
  Keywords Chloramphenicol; Tetracycline; Biofield treatment; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Ultraviolet spectroscopy  
  Abstract Objective: Chloramphenicol and tetracycline are broad-spectrum antibiotics and widely used against variety of microbial infections. Nowadays, several microbes have acquired resistance to chloramphenicol and tetracycline. The present study was aimed to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment for spectroscopic characterization of chloramphenicol and tetracycline using FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy.

Methods:The study was performed in two groups (control and treatment) of each antibiotic. The control groups remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treatment groups.

Results: FT-IR spectrum of treated chloramphenicol exhibited the decrease in wavenumber of NO2 from 1521 cm-1 to 1512 cm-1 and increase in wavenumber of C=O from 1681 cm-1 to 1694 cm-1 in acylamino group. It may be due to increase of conjugation effect in NO2 group, and increased force constant of C=O bond. As a result, stability of both NO2 and C=O groups might be increased in treated sample as compared to control. FT-IR spectrum of treated tetracycline showed the downstream shifting of aromatic C-H stretching from 3085-3024 cm-1 to 3064-3003 cm-1 and C=C stretching from 1648-1582 cm-1 to 1622-1569 cm-1 and up shifting of C-N stretching from 965 cm-1 to 995 cm-1. It may be due to enhanced conjugation effect in tetracycline, and increased force constant of C-N (CH3) bond of tetracycline as compared to control. The results indicated the enhanced stability of treated tetracycline as compared to control. UV-Vis spectra of biofield treated chloramphenicol and tetracycline showed the similar lambda max (λmax) to their respective control. It revealed that the chromophore groups of both antibiotics remained same as control after the biofield treatment.

Conclusion: Based on FT-IR spectroscopic data, it is speculated that due to increase in bond strength and conjugation effect after biofield treatment, the chemical stability of both the drugs might be increased as compared to control.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher OMICS Publishing Group Place of Publication United States Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title Spectroscopic Characterization of Chloramphenicol and Tetracycline: An Impact of Biofield Treatment  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2153-2435 PAA ISBN Medium  
  Area Pharmaceuticals Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number Trivedi Global Inc. @ mahendra @ Serial 42626  
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