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Author Schmidt, A.K.D.; Balakrishnan, R. doi  openurl
  Title Ecology of acoustic signalling and the problem of masking interference in insects Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Journal of Comparative Physiology A  
  Volume (down) 201 Issue 1 Pages 133-142  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The efficiency of long-distance acoustic signalling of insects in their natural habitat is constrained in several ways. Acoustic signals are not only subjected to changes imposed by the physical structure of the habitat such as attenuation and degradation but also to masking interference from co-occurring signals of other acoustically communicating species. Masking interference is likely to be a ubiquitous problem in multi-species assemblages, but successful communication in natural environments under noisy conditions suggests powerful strategies to deal with the detection and recognition of relevant signals. In this review we present recent work on the role of the habitat as a driving force in shaping insect signal structures. In the context of acoustic masking interference, we discuss the ecological niche concept and examine the role of acoustic resource partitioning in the temporal, spatial and spectral domains as sender strategies to counter masking. We then examine the efficacy of different receiver strategies: physiological mechanisms such as frequency tuning, spatial release from masking and gain control as useful strategies to counteract acoustic masking. We also review recent work on the effects of anthropogenic noise on insect acoustic communication and the importance of insect sounds as indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem health.  
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  ISSN 1432-1351 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42988  
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Author Mandal, S.; Gadagkar, R. doi  openurl
  Title Homing abilities of the tropical primitively eusocial paper wasp Ropalidia marginata Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Journal of Comparative Physiology A  
  Volume (down) 201 Issue 8 Pages 795-802  
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  Abstract Compared to our extensive knowledge about the navigation and homing abilities of ants and bees, we know rather little about these phenomena in social wasps. Here, we report the homing abilities of the tropical primitively eusocial wasp Ropalidia marginata and the factors that affect their homing success. To determine from how far these wasps can return to their nests, we transported foragers blindfold and released them at gradually increasing distances from their nests in four cardinal directions. Their homing success was determined by checking their presence on their nests on three consecutive nights. All foragers (56 individuals, 115 releases) returned back from an area of 0.73 ± 0.25 km2 on the day of release (minimal homing area), whereas 83.8 % of the foragers (217 individuals, 420 releases) returned when we enlarged the area of release to 6.22 ± 0.66 km2 around their nests (maximal homing area). Of 66 releases, no wasps returned from beyond the maximal homing area. The minimal homing area might be familiar to the foragers because they probably routinely forage in this area and the maximal homing area represents the maximum distances from which the wasps are capable of returning to their nests, with or without familiarity.  
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  ISSN 1432-1351 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 43021  
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Author Varma, V.; Ratnam, J.; Viswanathan, V.; Osuri, A.M.; Biesmeijer, J.C.; Madhusudan, M.D.; Sankaran, M.; Krishnadas, M.; Barua, D.; Budruk, M.; Isvaran, K.; Jayapal, R.; Joshi, J.; Karanth, K.K.; Krishnaswamy, J.; Kumar, R.; Mukherjee, S.; Nagendra, H.; Niphadkar, M.; Owen, N.; Page, N.; Prasad, S.; Quader, S.; Nandini, R.; Robin, V.V.; Sait, S.M.; Shah, M.A.; Somanathan, H.; Srinivasan, U.; Sundaram, B. url  openurl
  Title Perceptions of priority issues in the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystems in India Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Biological Conservation  
  Volume (down) 187 Issue Pages 201-211  
  Keywords biodiversity; Conservation; Ecosystems; India; Perceptions  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0006-3207 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 42955  
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Author Krishnan, A.; Ghara, M.; Kasinathan, S.; Pramanik, G.K.; Revadi, S.; Borges, R.M. doi  openurl
  Title Plant reproductive traits mediate tritrophic feedback effects within an obligate brood-site pollination mutualism Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Oecologia  
  Volume (down) 179 Issue 3 Pages 797-809  
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  Abstract Plants, herbivores and parasitoids affect each other directly and indirectly; however, feedback effects mediated by host plant traits have rarely been demonstrated in these tritrophic interactions. Brood-site pollination mutualisms (e.g. those involving figs and fig wasps) represent specialised tritrophic communities where the progeny of mutualistic pollinators and of non-mutualistic gallers (both herbivores) together with that of their parasitoids develop within enclosed inflorescences called syconia (hence termed brood-sites or microcosms). Plant reproductive phenology (which affects temporal brood-site availability) and inflorescence size (representing brood-site size) are plant traits that could affect reproductive resources, and hence relationships between trees, pollinators and non-pollinating wasps. Analysing wasp and seed contents of syconia, we examined direct, indirect, trophic and non-trophic relationships within the interaction web of the fig–fig wasp community of Ficus racemosa in the context of brood site size and availability. We demonstrate that in addition to direct resource competition and predator–prey (host–parasitoid) interactions, these communities display exploitative or apparent competition and trait-mediated indirect interactions. Inflorescence size and plant reproductive phenology impacted plant–herbivore and plant–parasitoid associations. These plant traits also influenced herbivore–herbivore and herbivore–parasitoid relationships via indirect effects. Most importantly, we found a reciprocal effect between within-tree reproductive asynchrony and fig wasp progeny abundances per syconium that drives a positive feedback cycle within the system. The impact of a multitrophic feedback cycle within a community built around a mutualistic core highlights the need for a holistic view of plant–herbivore–parasitoid interactions in the community ecology of mutualisms.  
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  ISSN 1432-1939 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 43113  
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Author Hennin, H.L.; Legagneux, P.; Bêty, J.; Williams, T.D.; Grant Gilchrist, H.; Baker, T.M.; Love, O.P. url  openurl
  Title Pre-breeding energetic management in a mixed-strategy breeder Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Oecologia  
  Volume (down) 177 Issue 1 Pages 235-243  
  Keywords Breeding threshold; Corticosterone; Energetic management; Energetic metabolites; Mixed-strategy breeder  
  Abstract Integrative biologists have long appreciated that the effective acquisition and management of energy prior to breeding should strongly influence fitness-related reproductive decisions (timing of breeding and reproductive investment). However, because of the difficulty in capturing pre-breeding individuals, and the tendency towards abandonment of reproduction after capture, we know little about the underlying mechanisms of these life-history decisions. Over 10 years, we captured free-living, arctic-breeding common eiders (Somateria mollissima) up to 3 weeks before investment in reproduction. We examined and characterized physiological parameters predicted to influence energetic management by sampling baseline plasma glucocorticoids (i.e., corticosterone), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), and vitellogenin (VTG) for their respective roles in mediating energetic balance, rate of condition gain (physiological fattening rate) and reproductive investment. Baseline corticosterone increased significantly from arrival to the initiation of reproductive investment (period of rapid follicular growth; RFG), and showed a positive relationship with body mass, indicating that this hormone may stimulate foraging behaviour to facilitate both fat deposition and investment in egg production. In support of this, we found that VLDL increased throughout the pre-breeding period, peaking as predicted during RFG. Female eiders exhibited unprecedentedly high levels of VTG well before their theoretical RFG period, a potential strategy for pre-emptively depositing available protein stores into follicles while females are simultaneously fattening. This study provides some of the first data examining the temporal dynamics and interaction of the energetic mechanisms thought to be at the heart of individual variation in reproductive decisions and success in many vertebrate species. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.  
  Address Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada  
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  Notes Cited By :1; Export Date: 17 March 2016 Approved no  
  Call Number McgGll @ elizabethburgess @ Serial 42531  
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Author Sharma, P.; Allison, J.P. url  openurl
  Title Immune checkpoint targeting in cancer therapy: toward combination strategies with curative potential Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Cell  
  Volume (down) 161 Issue 2 Pages 205-214  
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  Abstract Research in two fronts has enabled the development of therapies that provide significant benefit to cancer patients. One area stems from a detailed knowledge of mutations that activate or inactivate signaling pathways that drive cancer development. This work triggered the development of targeted therapies that lead to clinical responses in the majority of patients bearing the targeted mutation, although responses are often of limited duration. In the second front are the advances in molecular immunology that unveiled the complexity of the mechanisms regulating cellular immune responses. These developments led to the successful targeting of immune checkpoints to unleash anti-tumor T cell responses, resulting in durable long-lasting responses but only in a fraction of patients. In this Review, we discuss the evolution of research in these two areas and propose that intercrossing them and increasing funding to guide research of combination of agents represent a path forward for the development of curative therapies for the majority of cancer patients.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number UofT @ ankit.sinha @ Serial 45097  
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Author Ramachandra, T.V.; Bharath, A.H.; Sowmyashree, M.V. url  openurl
  Title Monitoring urbanization and its implications in a mega city from space: Spatiotemporal patterns and its indicators Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Journal of Environmental Management  
  Volume (down) 148 Issue Pages 67-81  
  Keywords Delhi; Remote sensing; Spatial metrics; Urbanization; Urban sprawl  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0301-4797 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number CES @ dilipnaidu.gt @ Serial 43048  
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Author Ferlay, J.; Soerjomataram, I.; Dikshit, R.; Eser, S.; Mathers, C.; Rebelo, M.; Parkin, D.M.; Forman, D.; Bray, F. url  openurl
  Title Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: sources, methods and major patterns in GLOBOCAN 2012 Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal Int J Cancer  
  Volume (down) 136 Issue 5 Pages E359-86  
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  Abstract Estimates of the worldwide incidence and mortality from 27 major cancers and for all cancers combined for 2012 are now available in the GLOBOCAN series of the International Agency for Research on Cancer. We review the sources and methods used in compiling the national cancer incidence and mortality estimates, and briefly describe the key results by cancer site and in 20 large “areas” of the world. Overall, there were 14.1 million new cases and 8.2 million deaths in 2012. The most commonly diagnosed cancers were lung (1.82 million), breast (1.67 million), and colorectal (1.36 million); the most common causes of cancer death were lung cancer (1.6 million deaths), liver cancer (745,000 deaths), and stomach cancer (723,000 deaths).  
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  Call Number UofT @ ankit.sinha @ Serial 45319  
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Author Tursich, M.; Ros, T.; Frewen, P.A.; Kluetsch, R.C.; Calhoun, V.D.; Lanius, R.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Distinct intrinsic network connectivity patterns of post-traumatic stress disorder symptom clusters Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Abbreviated Journal Acta Psychiatr Scand  
  Volume (down) 132 Issue 1 Pages 29-38  
  Keywords adult survivors of child abuse; functional neuroimaging; multivariate analysis; post-traumatic stress disorders  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is considered a multidimensional disorder, with distinct symptom clusters including re-experiencing, avoidance/numbing, hyperarousal, and most recently depersonalization/derealization. However, the extent of differing intrinsic network connectivity underlying these symptoms has not been fully investigated. We therefore investigated the degree of association between resting connectivity of the salience (SN), default mode (DMN), and central executive (CEN) networks and PTSD symptom severity. METHOD: Using resting-state functional MRI data from PTSD participants (n = 21), we conducted multivariate analyses to test whether connectivity of extracted independent components varied as a function of re-experiencing, avoidance/numbing, hyperarousal, and depersonalization/derealization. RESULTS: Hyperarousal symptoms were associated with reduced connectivity of posterior insula/superior temporal gyrus within SN [peak Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI): -44, -8, 0, t = -4.2512, k = 40]. Depersonalization/derealization severity was associated with decreased connectivity of perigenual anterior cingulate/ventromedial prefrontal cortex within ventral anterior DMN (peak MNI: 8, 40, -4; t = -3.8501; k = 15) and altered synchrony between two DMN components and between DMN and CEN. CONCLUSION: Our results are consistent with prior research showing intrinsic network disruptions in PTSD and imply heterogeneous connectivity patterns underlying PTSD symptom dimensions. These findings suggest possible biomarkers for PTSD and its dissociative subtype.  
  Address Department of Neuroscience, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada  
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  ISSN 0001-690X ISBN Medium  
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  Notes PMID:25572430 Approved no  
  Call Number UU @ jana.mullerova @ Serial 42195  
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Author Al-Awqati, Q. url  openurl
  Title Kidney growth and hypertrophy: the role of mTOR and vesicle trafficking Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Clin Invest  
  Volume (down) 125 Issue 6 Pages 2267-2270  
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  Abstract The kidney, like other organs, grows in constant proportion to the rest of the body. When one kidney is removed, the remaining one hypertrophies. In a comprehensive series of studies, Chen et al. show that growth during maturation is mediated by the mTORC1 signaling pathway, which is induced by EGF-like peptides, and requires PI3K, PDK, AKT, mTORC2, and activation of mTORC1 through the combined effects of TSC and RHEB as part of a multiprotein complex localized on lysosomes. However, compensatory growth is mediated by amino acids, which act on mTORC1 independently of the previous pathway, and requires a class III PI3K (VPS34) that is known to be involved in vesicle trafficking to the lysosomes.  
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  ISSN 0021-9738 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number UofT @ mathieu.lemaire @ Serial 45804  
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